NEW SPECIES AND RANGE EXTENSIONS – NEW SPECIES OF AMAZON ADVENTURE: Before our inventory, Amazon Adventure egantoni was almost entirely unknown to scientists, and during our rapid inventory, we encountered many of the species we suspected would live here. However, some of our finds were entirely unexpected (Table 1). For every 100 plant species we recorded, 2 are probably species new to science; for every 10 dung beetles,
- to 4 are probably new; for every 10 fishes, 1 or 2 are probably new; for every 10 amphibians or 10 reptiles in Amazon Adventure.
- are probably new. For a 15-day inventory, these are impressive numbers and hint at the species richness that remains to be documented in the wilds Amazon Adventure of Megantoni.
- Species richness (observed and estimated) and the number of species potentially new to science for each group sampled during the 25 April-13 May 2004 rapid inventory in Zona Reservada Megantoni, Peru. Missing records are represented with a dash.
NUMBER OF SPECIES TO AMAZON ADVENTURE
Observe Estimated Potentially New
Plants 1 ,400 3,000 4,000 25-35
Dung 71 120 10-30
Fishes 22 70 3-5
Amphibiams 32 55 7
Reptiles 19 – 5
Birds 387 600 –
Mammals 32 4 5
We discovered almost all of the potentially new species at our two higher-elevation campsites, with the exception of 1 Osteocephalus frog and 8 new dung beetles that were found in the lowlands. For plants, the bulk of potentially new species are orchids; preliminary impressions suggest that perhaps 20 of the 116 fertile orchids collected are new to science Based on digital photographs we took in the field, specialists have tentatively identified 9 additional plant species, from 9 different families, as new to science in jungle trips.
Many of the 22 fish species we registered during the inventory are endemic to Amazon Adventure Megantoni. In particular, some species in the families Astroblepidae and Trichomycteridae have almost certainly undergone spéciation within the isolated watersheds of Megantoni. At least 3 species we collected are new to science, including Cetopsis sp, Chaetostoma and Astroblepus Several species within the Trichomycteridae are potentially new as well in this Amazon Adventure.
We encountered 51 species of amphibians and reptiles. Slightly more than 20% are new to science: 7 anurans, 4 lizards, and 1 snake. The new amphibian species include an Osteocephalus (Figure 9E), a Phrynopus, at least 1 new species of Eleutherodactylus, a Centrolene (Figure 9H), a Colostethus, a Gastrotheca and a Syncope. We also discovered a new species of snake (Taeniophalius, on the mid-elevation slopes and 4 new species of lizards (Alopoglossus )Euspondylus, Neusticurus, and Proctoporus) living on the isolated tablelands in the heart of Megantoni.
RANGE EXTENSIONS IN AMAZON ADVENTURE
Our inventory in Megantoni registered some species that were previously known only from areas more than 500 km away, as well as some species at much higher or lower elevations than previously recorded. Other groups are so poorly known for the rest of the region ( dung beetles, fishes) that more data need to be collected before we can draw conclusions about endemism or range extensions in amazon adventure with jungle trips.
For plants, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals, we can compare some of our Amazon Adventure Megantoni findings to records from other sites in Peru and elsewhere in South America. As we continue to examine our collections and to research published reports from other sites, we expect to uncover even more geographic and elevational range extensions within the biological communities of Amazon Adventure Megantoni.
Plants of the Amazon Adventure
For plants, several collections in Megantoni extend the known ranges of species hundreds of kilometers farther south. At our low-elevation campsite, Kapiromashi, we registered Wercklea ferox (Malvaceae) for the first time in southern Peru. At the two higher campsites, we found Ceroxylon parvifrons (Arecaceae), Tapeinostemon zamoranum , Sarcopera anómala (Marcgraviaceae), Macleania floribunda (Ericaceae), Miconia condylata (Melastomataceae), and Peltastes peruvianus all previously known only from northern Peru.
Our collection of Heliconia robusta (Heliconiaceae) fills a large gap in the knowledge of its distribution. Known mostly from Bolivia, it has been collected only a handful of times in Peru, always in sites north of Megantoni. This Heliconia, with triangular green and red bracts and yellow flowers, dominated parts of the naturally disturbed forest around Kapiromashi.
Amphibian and reptiles Amazon Adventure
Our inventory increased the known geographic and elevational distributions of several species and even a few genera. At Megantoni we noted the southernmost distributional record in Peru for Syncope, and the lowest elevation recorded for Phrynopus and Telmatobius.
We also registered an apparently undescribed species of Neusticurus, recorded previously from Santa Rosa (-800 m asl), in the Inambari basin, Puno Department, some 230 km southeast of Megantoni Amazon Adventure. At Kapiromashi we found Epipedobates macero , a rare poison dart frog restricted to the Rio Purus in Brazil, Parque Nacional Manu, and the rivers in the Urubamba valley. This record extends its elevational range to 800 m from the previous record of 350 m where the species was described in Manu. While sampling in the leaf litter, we discovered a small Phrynopus cf. bagrecito, known from higher elevations in Manu but never before reported from such low elevations (-2,200 m asl).
Birds Amazon Adventure
We encountered bird species outside their published elevational ranges at every inventory site. Our records in Megantoni extend distributional limits for some species farther south, for others farther north. Three birds deserve special mention: Scimitar-winged Piha (Lipaugus uropygialis, Selva Cacique (Cacicus koepckeae, and Black Tinamou (Tinamus osgoodi, All three species are remarkably abundant in parts of Megantoni, although exceedingly uncommon worldwide. Our records substantially increase our understanding of the distribution of these rare birds in this park Amazon Adventure.
Our record of Scimitar-winged Piha is the second for Peru; it was previously known only from Abra Marancunca in Puno Department. From Puno, the species occurs eastward along the humid Bolivian yungas to Cochabamba Department (Bryce et al., in press). Our record is a range extension of more than 500 km to the northwest and suggests the species may occur along other mountain ranges in Cusco and Puno Departments, such as within Parque Nacional Manu.
At Kapiromashi we registered Selva Cacique, a species described from Balta, Ucayali Department, by Lowery and O’Neill in 1965, and essentially unknown until rediscovered by Gerhart near Timpia (Schulenberg et al. 2000; Gerhart, 2004 Ours is one of a handful of sightings, and the highest elevational record for the species.
Black Tinamou has a highly spotty distribution in the Andes, with scattered records from Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. This species was common at our two high elevation sites, and our records fill one of the many large gaps in our knowledge of its distribution.
Mammals Amazon Adventure
We observed a group of four brown capuchin (Cebus apella) individuals at an elevation of 1,760 m. This record is 260 m higher than the elevational range reported by Emmons and Feer (1999).
NATIVE COMMUNITY LIVING IN MEGANTONI RESERVE ZONE
The native communities belong to two linguistic families the predominant linguistic group is the Arahuca.made up of Machiguenga. Camp (ashaninka and kakinte) Nanty, kugapakori and yine yami, Piro the pano linguistic family, which is smaller and less influential ,composition of the region is rather homogeneous because natives belonging to the Arahuaca linguistic family make up 85% of the native population of the area, their similar languages and customs facilitate communication among the ethnic group.[tab: OVERVIEW]
Tours Day 1: Cusco to Pongo Mainique
Tours Day 2: Cusco to Kiteni/Chomparina – Pongo Mainique to Amazon Adventure
Tours Day 3: Pongo Mainique – Ivochote to Timpia -Amazon Adventure
Tours Day 4: Amazon Adventure – Macaw Clay lick
Tours Day 5: Pongo Mainique – Native Community to Amazon Adventure
Tours Day 6: Pongo Mainique – Amazon Adventure Camping River
Tours Day 7: Amazon Adventure – Camp Community Tintiniquiato
Tours Day 8: Back Kiteni/Quillabamba to Cusco[tab: ITINERARY]
Tours Day 1:
Cusco – Pongo Mainique:
when you arrival to Cusco we will be waiting with a sign with their respective names and immediately transfer to the hotel At 1:30 pm pick up from your hotel for half day City Tour the first we will visit the Qoricancha archeological other sites like the famous fortress of Sacsayhuaman, The Cathedral, Convent of Santo Domingo.
Compare the colonial building with the Inca walls, most of which survived Cuzco’s historic earthquakes with hardly a hairline crack, the site looks rather bizarre topped with a modern protective roof of glass and metal Religious center Known as “The Temple of the Sun “Where you will admire the STI Impressive Used in construction engineering Sacsayhuaman The name means satisfied falcon, though most travelers remember it by mnemonic sexy woman the sprawling site in 2 km from Cusco climb s imposing fortress overlooking Cusco .built by the Incas in the 15th century .A.D Qenko Sacred amphitheatre. Temple of the puma god (the puma was the symbol of war) human sacrifices were allegedly performed here Puca Pucara Red fort (so called because the colour of the soil is lightly reddish), built in the 11 to century A.D. to guard the temple of the water (Tampu Machay) Tambu Machay Temple the worship the water god. It belongs to the 11th century A, D. distance from Cusco, five miles, and height.12.000 ft. above sea level Finish of the tour we will be in Cusco at 18:0 approximately. To Cusco. Transfer to your hotel.
Tours Day 2: Cusco to Kiteni/Chomparina – Pongo Mainique to Amazon Adventure :
Very early in the morning will pick you up from your hotel 4am and take us our bus from Cusco to Quillabamba. The route we will do about 6 hours, we will have a box lunch in Habra Malaga on the highest point of our journey. Arriving in the City of Quillabamba we will move immediately to the Pool of Sambaray to make refreshing, and lunch. Then we continue our journey to an Small town Kiteni for 5 hours, rest for an hour to continue our journey towards the Native Community of Chomparina for 3 hours we spend the night there. The route of the journey of this day will mean seeing the fruits of agricultural plantations, banana, coffee, coca, and more according to the agricultural season.
Tours Day 3: Pongo Mainique – Ivochote to Timpia -Amazon Adventure :
Early after breakfast we will move to the Port River Ivochote of the boat where we headed to the Pongo Mainique for 3 hours, spend the morning taking pictures and exploring the forest near this geological formation unique addition to the Guide we connect the past and the Historic Significance of the Sanctuary Megantoni and its connection to the Art of Cinema. In the afternoon we will move to the Lodge of the Commonwealth Native Timpia there spend the night and take night walking also.
Tours Day 4 : Amazon Adventure – Macaw Clay lick:
Early morning where we can take a walk to Collpa of parrots in the afternoon we will move to other Native Community, where we will spend our night in the tent after dinner where we make a campfire and drink typical jungle drinks
Tours Day 5: Pongo Mainique – Native Community to Amazon Adventure :
In the morning where we going to Visit and spend the day together with a native family in the Native Community. In the afternoon we will move to another native community where we will camp and practice traditional ceremonies and cleansing our soul with an Amazonian Shaman.
Tours Day 6: Pongo Mainique – Amazon Adventure Camping River:
After breakfast we can Take our Boat back to pongo Mainique there to strengthen our soul with ancient beliefs in the afternoon crossed a tributary of the river Alto Urubamba. We will spend the afternoon practicing fish and Anglers.
Tours Day 7: Amazon Adventure – Camp Community Tintiniquiato:
Early after breakfast we can start to explorer the forest of the Megantoni Sanctuary throughout the morning. In the afternoon we return to the pot of Colona Community Tintiniquiato camp there.
Tours Day 8: Pongo Mainique – Back Kiteni/Quillabamba to Cusco:
Early in the morning where we will take the car back to Quillabamba arriving at noon, after lunch continues to Cusco arriving at 10pm.[tab: INCLUDED]
Tour Included to Amazon Adventure
- Professional naturalist guide Amazon Adventure
- Specialized in Reserve Megantoni
- Private bus and boat
- Entrance fees to Reserve zone Megantoni
- All food (vegetarian on request)
- Camping equipment and Lodge stays
- First Aid Kit, extractor ( for poison)
- Radio communication
Not Included to Amazon Adventure
- Sleeping bag
- Alcoholic drinks etc.
Things You Should Bring For The Amazon Adventure:
- Mosquito repellent
- Long sleeved shirts (cotton is better)
- Cotton socks
- Rain gear
- Long pants
- Bathing suit
- hiking shoes
- Binoculars (you can also rent them from)
- Camera and films (400 and 200 ASA)
- Plastic bags for clothes and camera etc.
- Personal things (soap, toilet paper. towel etc.)
- Hat (or handkerchief)
- Sun blocker, sun glasses
- Sleeping bag (can also be rented)
- Flashlight (with spare bulb and batteries)
- Day pack
- Money in Soles
ANTHROPOLOGICAL TOUR PONGO TO MAINIQUE OR MEGANTONY RESERVE / NATIVE COMMUNITES ASHANINKA NANTY YINE PIRO MAGUIGUENGA 8D/7N TRIPS[tab: DEPARTURES]
Departures every Day to Amazon Adventure minimum 2 persons[tab: LODGES]