Amazon Birds

BIRDS OF THE AMAZON: We have discovered 16 new species of birds in the Amazon over the past 10 years. New additions to the region bird cover a wide range of bird families and include the discovery of a bird of prey south of the Peruvian Amazon.

Birds of the Amazon in 2002 the cryptic wild falcon (Micrastur mintoni) was discovered. This Brazilian species has bright orange skin around your eyes. It is assumed that the total population of this bird is great, considering its wide distribution, but overall little about this new species of Amazons known.

In 2007, a new bird of the Peruvian Amazonia described. The alitorcido rufous or rufous-fl Autin (Cnipodectes superrufus) has a multitude of variations in their colorful reddish-brownish. Despite the extensive ornithological research has been conducted in the southeastern region of Madre de Dios, had not detected this species, largely due to the inaccessibility of their natural habitat. The species is restricted to the spiny thickets of bamboo (Guadua weberbaueri) reaching five meters in height, a little studied habitat of the Amazon.

Originally this bird had been observed only in a few sites in Madre de Dios and in a nearby region. The known distribution of bird 3400-89000 km2 dominated by bamboos found in Madre de Dios (Peru), Pando (Bolivia) and Acre (Brazil) forests Then spread; latter area includes the Manu National Park.

Birds of the Amazon according to scientists, the Rufous alitorcido is probably the least abundant of all bamboo specialist birds in Amazonia. Your risk of extinction in the short term is low, but recent development projects, including the paving of the Inter-Oceanic Highway will increase the number of human settlements and habitat destruction in the region. In addition, the socio-economic value of bamboo and the growing tendency to harvest it suggests

the extent of suitable habitat for the species may decrease in the future. It is considered that the perlite Iquitos (Polioptila clementsi), discovered in 2005, is now critically endangered. Also in the Peruvian Amazon, this new bird discovered in Allpahuayo Mishana-National Reserve, just west of Iquitos in the Peruvian region of Loreto. Avistarla is rare in white-sand forests they inhabit. In surveys of available habitats within the Reserve are located only fifteen couples. And, since its discovery, every year seems to be more difficult to locate the species. The species is in real danger of extinction due to its restricted distribution, its extremely small population and deforestation that occurs in the area. Clearing for agriculture, facilitated by government incentives to promote the colonization of the land around Iquitos, like forest clearing within a national reserve to boost the construction and fuelwood and charcoal vegetal56 continue to threaten the available habitat.

The ancient forests varillales, slow growth and habitat par excellence Polioptila clementsi are presented in particularly quartzite soils deficient in nutrients, and may never be able to regenerate if destroyed. Amazonian forests growing on white sand and other nutrient-deficient soils ornithological saved many surprises. Some years earlier, in 2001, another new species, the tyrant of Messana (Zimmerius villarejoi) described forest again white-sand beach near Iquitos in the Peruvian region of Loreto in the Peruvian jungle.

Among the many birds of the Amazon parrots are often the most spectacular in their color. The bald parrot (Pyrilia aurantiocephala, originally known as Pionopsitta aurantiocephala), a member of the family of true parrots, caused a sensation when it was reported in 2002, mainly because it is difficult to believe that such a large and colorful bird could have passed unnoticed in the world. As its name implies, the species has an amazing bald head, devoid of feathers, but other than that is a very colorful bird. Presents an extraordinary range of colors: “orange head” Live yellowish green nape parrot green body with greenish wings bathed ultramarine blue, cyan, orange, emerald green and scarlet; Orange and yellow legs.

This parrot has been observed only in a few locations in the lower Rio Madeira and Tapajós rivers high in the Brazilian Amazon. Currently it has been only two habitat types and in a relatively small area. Scientists say that although the region in which collected specimens Pionopsitta aurantiocephala is mainly dedicated to ecotourism, nearby regions near the headwaters of the Tapajós River and across the southern Amazon strip are constantly threatened by the destructive activities of logging companies in the Peruvian jungle. In lists, the species is listed as “near threatened” because its population is small and moderately declining due to habitat loss in the birds of the Amazon.

In 2005 a new species of parakeet, Aratinga pintoi, was found in the Amazon River basin. Chest parrot sulfur was found, as the species is commonly known, only in open areas with sandy soils in Monte Alegre, on the north bank of the lower Amazon River, State of Pará, Brazil. Its plumage is splendid colors is adorned with a green crown, orange front, yellow back mottled with green little points, sulfur-colored chest and the tips of their wings deep blue. Initially it was believed that the juvenile form of another species or a hybrid of two species, but surprisingly, scientists have been collecting, examining and identifying the wrong kind from the early twentieth century. Currently, Aratinga pintoi is a fairly common bird in Monte Alegre, easily located along the main roads in groups of up to ten individuals, and flying over the city.

However, as is usual with new parrot species, scientists now fear that farmers will soon begin to get and market these birds through illegal markets. Some scientists are concerned not only for the preservation of the Amazon recently described birds, endangered and threatened, but mainly by “taxa forgotten.” Many species are desperately waiting for some dedicated ornithologist or an employee of a South American museum, often poorly funded, spend their own time and resources to formally describe the birds, while there is also a huge

demand for ecological studies to better understand and define the state of threat that are currently a number of species for which there are insufficient data. In a race against time, ornithological research to properly describe the complex and rich avifauna of this planet is lagging behind the pace at which the region is developed, and many species are already endangered birds of the Amazon.

PERUVIAN AMAZON:

The Peruvian Amazon is the largest rainforest on Earth. It is known for its unique biodiversity, with wildlife including jaguars, river dolphins, manatees, giant otters, capybaras, harpy eagles, anacondas and piranhas.

The large number of habitats, unique in its kind in this region hide important globally abundant species, scientists are discovering an incredible rate.

Between 1999 and 2009, have been discovered at least 1,200 new species of plants and vertebrates in the Amazon Biome (see map on page 6, which shows the extent that this biome covers). The new species include 637 plants, 257 fish, 216 amphi bios, 55 reptiles, 16 birds and 39 mammals. Furthermore, they have found many new species of invertebrates. Considering the huge number of invertebrate species, this report does not cover in detail.

The conservation of the Peruvian Amazon is essential for the future of humanity:

The multiple threats facing the Peruvian Amazon are increasing the pressure on natural resources and environmental services on which millions of people depend. These important threats are linked, ultimately, to international market forces and the everyday practices that depend on the Amazon for their goods and services. The Peruvian Amazonia affects weather patterns worldwide and helps to stabilize the climate. Therefore it is vital to conserve Amazonian forests if we are to address global climate change.

Any development in the Amazon should be managed in an integrated and sustainable manner, so that the key attributes and ecological functions of the area are maintained. Historically, each country in the region has only considered part of the Amazon that is within their national borders, worrying about the benefits it provides to its citizens.

This has resulted in a fragmented policy-making process, as well as the uncontrolled exploitation of goods and services in the Amazonia. This process has also overlooked the viability of the region as a whole.

Growth in key sectors such as agriculture, livestock and energy sectors, exacerbate the negative effects of this approach. These economic sectors are expanding in response to global demand. Depend on investment in infrastructure development, such as those contained in the IIRSA. These are the forces that currently form the basis for the “integration” of the Amazon in national and global economies. They are generating short-term revenue and improving national economic indicators. But should incorporate consideration of environmental and social costs of such developments on the axis of development planning.

Around the world, are marginalized or minority groups within society, including indigenous peoples and rural communities, who suffer the environmental and social impacts of unsustainable development. The Amazon is no exception. The conservation of the Amazon is, first, crucial for the survival of the 2.7 million people in more than 320 indigenous groups have relied on their wealth for centuries. In this context, the fate of the Amazon depends, ultimately, a signifi cant change in the way we understand the Amazonian countries development. It is vital to manage sustainably the Amazon as a functional whole. The desire to protect the functionality of the region for the common good must become the central task of Amazonian nations.

The responsible management of the Amazon is critical to help the world face the challenge of climate change. In this sense, preserve healthy Amazon is also in the interest of the planet.