ABOUT OF THE AMAZON RAINFOREST PLANT: Amazon Rainforest represents large portion of the terrestrial carbon storage capacity in jungle peruvian. Release of this carbon through deforestation could have global effects on climate due to a rise in atmospheric co2 levels. Local impacts of deforestation include drought in jungle. The Amazon is the world’s largest tropical rainforest. It covers an area of nearly 2.8 million square miles, which is nearly the size of the continent of Australia. The Amazon Rainforest gets its life from the majestic Amazon River, the world’s second largest river, which runs directly through the heart of the region. The rainforest itself is simply the drainage basin for the river and its many tributaries. The vast forest itsel f consists of four layers, each featuring its own ecosystems and specially adapted plants and animals
AMAZON RAINFOREST IN MANU JUNGLE TRIPS:
There are it least 1, 800-2,000 types of birds (excluding the 250 or so aquatic species compare this with 500 species in all of .Europe, an area half as big again as the Amazon Basin. The number increases seasonally with migrants from Patagonia or North America. Alarming declines in US songbirds, notably the summer tanager (piranga rubra) and yellow-billed cuckoo-(coccyzus americanus), are attributed partly to destruction of Latin American amazon rainforests in which they overwinter Even non-ornithologists want to see toucan, macaws and parrots. However, these and most other birds are hidden until they fly out across a river or forest gap.
There are a few birds that are easier to spot perching the open, especially at water margins. These include hawks, kingfishers, orioles, flycatchers and an is small birds can be very hard to tell apart, even in the hand. Differences in song or behavior are sometimes the only clues to identity in Peru rainforest adventure.
AMAZON RAINFOREST PARROT AND MACAW
Endowed with a remarkable ability to mimic human speech, parrots are the Quintessential tropical bird. Indeed Amazon parrots are common and diverse, with several dozen species. They use their powerful curved bill to break open hard nuts and seeds, notably those of the macula (Acromia lasiospatha) and Tucuman palm (Astrocayum tucuma). These are a favorite food of the macaws, widely distributed and still quite common, are the largest parrots- with long tail-feathers, and nearly always in pairs the fairly common scarlet or guacamayo rojo (ara macao) blue and yellow (A ararauna AND RED AND GREEN (Achloroptera)
AMAZON RAINFOREST MACAW CLAY LICK
are easily identified by their coloring other parrots are smaller than macaws, have short tail feathers and prefer to fly in flocks common parrots include the festive parrots (A farisona) along rivers in the evening you frequently see flocks (Aratinga leucophthalmus) feed on coral tree blossoms and can often be found close to mariachi palms most parrots are difficult if not impossible to distinguish in the field they are usually flying overhead so you only see silhouettes and little color and most are greenish and similar in appearance. Differences are mostly in head-feather colors One of the best places to see parrots and macaws is at the famous macaw clay lick on jungle peruvian.
AMAZON RAINFOREST TOUCANS´
Jungle Trips with Their huge colorful bills have made toucans familiar rainforest icons often used to promote conservation or sales of rainforest products toucans have the biggest bills relative to body size, of any bird, in some cases as long as the body itself the bill is partially hollow, reinforced by an internal honeycomb structure making it very light for its size fruits are the toucans’ main food and their long bill is ideal to reach figs and berries at the ends of thin branches. Distantly related to woodpeckers, toucans roost and nest in ready-made tree-holes. In addition to a diet of fruit they will prey on small animals and even eggs and nestlings of other birds in amazon rainforest.
Amazon rainforest is one of the biggest is the white-throated toucan .(Ramphastos tucans) black with a white chest, yellow rump and blue ring of bare skin around the eye as long as the body, the bill is black with a yellow ridge on top the white throated toucan’s frog like croak is one of the few ways to avoid confusion with the nearly identical yellow-ridged toucan (R. culminates) which has a polysyllabic yelp a local guide should be able to point out the difference smaller toucans in jungle adventure.
Chestnut-eared Aracari (Pteroglossus Torquatus) and the beautiful Golden Collared toucan (Selenidera reinwardtii) in manu jungle trips and sandoval lake reserve and tambopata tours lodge .
AMAZON RAINFOREST HUMMINGBIRDS
Jungle trips knowing Hummingbirds and Considered by some pre-Colombian cultures as messengers to the gods or spirits hummingbirds are rarely seen for long in jungle. They are small and flit among vegetation almost too fast for the eye to follow, and you will probably hear one before you see it in jungle peruvian. The humming is caused by their incredibly fast wing beat the fastest of any bird: up to 80 beats per second. Hummingbirds are beautiful and also useful indeed they’re ecologically essential to many trees, shrubs and epiphytes of which they are primary pollinators in jungle adventure.
Hummingbirds are attracted to red arrange and yellow flowers such as crab’s-claw (Heliconia spp) and aphelandram many hummingbirds are less than 8cm long and have a precarious existence to remain alive in jungle trips, they need a meal every two hours only pure nectar has enough energy to maintain their fast metabolism. At night they remain torpid until the morning. Their legs are virtually useless for walking so they fly even the shortest distance. Y/oven from down, tiny plant fibers ,lichen moss and even spider’s silk, their nests are tiny, as small as 2.5 cm across and sometimes hung from the underside of a banana or helicon leaf snug inside the eggs are the size of peas in amazon rainforest.
AMAZON RAINFOREST HUMMINBIRDS DIVERSITY
In cloud and montage forest of the eastern Andes where, in Peru alone, over 1200 hummingbird species are recorded Contrary to what most people expect, lowland rainforest is relatively poor in hummingbirds. Still you may get lucky and hear one flit by or, if you’re lucky, have one hover in front of you for a few precious seconds. Their charming names often refer to exquisite plumage; glittering-throated emerald (Amazonia fimbriata), golden-tailed sapphire (Chrysuronia oenone) and black-eared fairy (Heliothryx aurita) car, be found around Iquitos.
AMAZON RAINFOREST – ROPTORS THE HARPY EAGLE (HARPIA)
Is the world’s most powerful bird of prey. Adults stand a metering height, with a wingspan of over 1.8m, and have huge yellow talons. They are major predators of monkeys and sloths. Perhaps luckily for our furry friends this majestic eagle is rare, but is sometimes seen soaring above undisturbed old-growth canopy in search of prey. Amazon raptors include other eagles, hawks, kites, falcons, vultures and owls. Commonest are the yellow-headed caracara (Miluago ehimaehÃma) which is a type of falcon, the black-collared hawk (Busarellus nigrirollk) and the roadside hawk (Button magnirostris). In undisturbed swampy areas, the slender-billed kite (Helicolestes hamatus) perches high in a tree when not searching for freshwater snails in jungle manu.
The turkey vulture (Coragyps atratus) is abundant around settlements especially, not surprisingly at rubbish tips the biggest lowland scavenger with a wingspan surprisingly, at rubbish tips. The biggest lowland scavenger, with a wingspan up to 2m, is the king vulture or condor de la selva (Sarcoramphus papa), the royal title confirmed by an appropriately grotesque crown of orange, yellow and purple wattles. Away from towns the most common vulture is thegreater yellow-headed vulture (Cathartes melambrotus) in amazon adventure.
AMAZON RAINFOREST HOATZIN:
The unmistakable hoatzin or shansho (Opisthocomus hoazin) is a large, portly bird about the size of a turkey. Its head bears a prominent scruffy Mohican crest. Large blue eye-rings of bare skin add to its comic appearance. They are poor flyers, as the Pectoral muscles of the hoatzin are too small for sustained flight, limiting the seemingly clumsy bird to short, gliding flights. The reduced musculature makes room for the bird’s oversized crop which stores its diet of 60% leaves in jungle amazon.
Gut bacteria ferment the material for up to four times longer than most birds. Fermentation by-products are believed responsible for the hoatzin s unpleasant smell and its rather unkind nickname, the stink bird. Raptors and arboreal predators can make an easy meal of the weakly-flapping hoatzin, which therefore is quite wary, and often flies off as soon as it is disturbed But when the prospect of mating comes along, hormones throw caution to the wind and shyness is reduced. Flocks of up to a dozen birds squawk clumsily among trees, especially along borders of permanent area swamp, cooperating in nesting with the mating pair assisted by a number of helpers the nest is built over water and, when threatened by a predator, the chick flings itself into the water below. It swims back to the nest tree where it uses its bill, feet and special wing-claws to climb back up this latter unique and apparently primitive characteristic believed to have evolved independently and is not evidence for the widespread belief that the hoatzin is related to the fossil bird archaeopteryx – one of the first birds that evolved 120 million years ago – or is itself a living fossil indeed egg protein analysis suggests it may be recently evolved from cuckoos. However, the bird is still weird enough to be classified in a family of its own, Opisthocomidae. In some places where there’s ideal habitat, hoatzin are very common. During non-breeding periods they form flocks of 25 or 30 at times, seeming to totallyignore benevolent human presence.
AMAZON RAINFOREST ORIOLES:
In the Icteridae family, which includes orioles and blackbirds, oropendolas are common riverside birds, colored brownish with gold (oro in Spanish) on the tail feathers, with a loud burbling call their woven nests hang 2m or more, like large pendulous fruit from the branches of trees in jungle. Most likely you will see the widespread russet-backed oropendola (Psarocolius angustifrons) common along area borders, or in terra firmer forest the olive oropendola :(Gymnostinops yuracares) Caciques, with dark plumage and gold tail bars, resemble the oropendola but are smaller. Their rumbustious behavior and loud call make them hard not to notice. Caciques nest communally in riverside shrubs and trees, often around villages and jungle lodges , producing woven nests of compact globular form other birds in this family include true orioles (lcerus spp) and yellow hooded blackbird (Agelaius sp). Cowbirds such as the shiny cowbird (molothrus bonariensas) are common in ranches, cultivated and pasture areas in the manner of cuckoos; these are brood parasites, and lay eggs of a size, shape and color which mimic the unfortunate host’s product in amazon rainforest.