AMAZON WORLD NATIVE COMMUNITY LIVING IN MEGANTONI RESERVE ZONE
Mid-elevation slopes (Tinkanari, 2,100-2,400 m) Our third inventory site was in the western corner of the Zona Reservada, close to its junction with Parque Nacional Manu (Figure 3B). The headwaters of the Rio Timpia and the Rio Manu originate several hundred meters above this site, and our trails crossed dozens of small creeks with moss-covered rocks (Figure 3K). This site was atypically flat, however, with water pooling in several places in the forest and forming boggy areas. As at Katarompanaki camp, we distinguished two forest types at this site. A tall forest on richer soils dominates 90% of the area and surrounds a neatly delimited area (-0.5 km2) of stunted shrub forest growing on a much harder acidic rock. The stunted shrub forest was obvious from the air and was similar to other outcrops on acidic rock seen during the overflights of the Zona Reservada. Signs of spectacled bear were common and widespread in the stunted forest and ranged from trails and dens to recent food remains and fresh scat. Spectacled bears were one of the most abundant mammals we recorded in Megantoni, second only to woolly monkeys. Moreover, our Megantoni surveys recorded the highest relative density of spectacled bear reported in any Peruvian inventory. Again, game birds were abundant and tame, including Sickle-winged Guan (Cbamaepetes goudotii), Wattled Guan (Aburría aburrí), and Andean Guan (Penelope montagnii). At this site, ornithologists photographed Scimitar-winged Piha (see Range
Extensions, above) and tape-recorded calls and a flight display. We believe this flight display has never been witnessed before.
We found several new species and range extensions for plants at this site. Ferns dominated these forests (Figure 5) with high richness (-30 species/100 m2) and high densities, especially of tree ferns (-2,000 individuals/ha). As in the Katarompanaki tablelands, species richness was concentrated in epiphytes rather than trees and shrubs. Amphibians and reptiles showed patterns of diversity parallel to those of fishes, as they did at Katarompanaki. Species richness was limited overall, but several novelties and endemics dominated the community. Ichthyologists found high fish densities in all streams sampled, registering 5 species of fishes, including 2 Astroblepus not found at Katarompanaki. Herpetologists recorded 10 species of anurans, 2 lizards, and 4 snakes. One of the most notable records,
Atelopus erythropus, previously was known only from the holotype and populations in the Kosnipata valley. The largest of all frogs found at this site was an arboreal marsupial frog, Gastrotheca sp. (Figure 9F), similar to G. testudinea (W. Duellman, pers. comm.). Gastrotheca sp. was nearly ubiquitous—males sang from the canopies in almost every habitat—and this species is almost certainly new to science.
HUMAN COMMUNITIES AMAZON WORLD
In contrast to the biological communities, the social landscape was well known before our inventory. For more than two decades, CEDIA and other organizations have engaged in participatory work with many communities in the region, and their efforts, in conjunction with the long-term vision of many of the native inhabitants, inspired the proposal for a protected area in Megantoni.
To date, CEDIA’s efforts have focused largely on the traditional inhabitants of the region the Machiguenga, Ashaninka, Yine Yami, and Nanti.
However, two distinct cultural groups live in the area surrounding Zona Reservada Megantoni: native populations living in communities and colonists living in rural settlements . These groups are coarsely separated within the landscape. The bulk of the native peoples live north rather than south of Megantoni (12,000 vs. 4,000 people) and inversely, most colonists live south rather than north of ZRM (150,000 vs. 800 people). Native peoples practice subsistence agriculture and have lived in these forests for millennia, while colonists are more recent arrivals, and typically practice larger-scale commercial agriculture. A large part of the long-term success of a protected area in Megantoni will rely on stabilizing the agricultural frontier, particularly in the south, and engaging both native inhabitants and colonists in the protection and management of the region.
CONSERVATION RISKS AND OPPORTUNITIES IN AMAZON WORLD
The conservation landscape we propose for Megantoni will provide long-term, strong protection for a biologically and culturally rich region, and is an unparalleled opportunity to
1 Protect unique flora and fauna, including the 60-80 species new to science found in Megantoni,
2 Link two large protected areas, ascending from the Amazonian plain in Parque Nacional Manu to the Andean slopes in the Cordillera Vilcabamba,
3 Preserve a landscape sheltering uncontacted indigenous communities, living in the extreme northeastern corner of Megantoni, and
4 Work with neighboring communities in designing ecologically compatible activités (including well- managed ecotourism) that will reinforce the protection of Megantoni.
Tours Day 1: Cusco to Kiteni/Chomparina, Amazon Wolrd – Pongo Mainique
Tours Day 2: Ivochote to Timpia, Amazon Wolrd – Pongo Mainique
Tours Day 3: Macaw Clay lick, Amazon Wolrd – Pongo Mainique
Tours Day 4: Camp Beach, Amazon Wolrd – Pongo Mainique
Day 5: can Take our Boat back to pongo Mainique there to strengthen our soul with ancient beliefs in the afternoon crossed a tributary of the river Alto Urubamba. We will spend the afternoon practicing fish and Anglers.
Day 6: Back Kiteni/Quillabamba to Cusco, Amazon World- Pongo Mainique
Anthropological Tour to Pongo de Mainique, Megantoni Reserve and Native Communities
Tours Day 1: Cusco to Kiteni/Chomparina, Amazon World – Pongo Mainique:
Very early in the morning will pick you up from your hotel 4am and take us our bus from Cusco to Quillabamba. The route we will do about 6 hours, we will have a box lunch in Habra Malaga on the highest point of our journey. Arriving in the City of Quillabamba we will move immediately to the Pool of Sambaray to make refreshing, and lunch. Then we continue our journey to a Small town Kiteni for 5 hours, rest for an hour to continue our journey towards the Native Community of Chomparina for 3 hours we spend the night there. The route of the journey of this day will mean seeing the fruits of agricultural plantations, banana, coffee, coca, and more according to the agricultural season.
Tours Day 2: Ivochote to Timpia, Amazon World – Pongo Mainique:
Early after breakfast we will move to the Port River Ivochote of the boat where we headed to the Pongo Mainique for 3 hours, spend the morning taking pictures and exploring the forest near this geological formation unique addition to the Guide we connect the past and the Historic Significance of the Sanctuary Megantoni and its connection to the Art of Cinema. In the afternoon we will move to the Lodge of the Commonwealth Native Timpia there spend the night and take night walking also.
Tours Day 3: Macaw Clay lick, Amazon World – Pongo Mainique :
Early morning where we can take a walk to Collpa of parrots in the afternoon we will move to other Native Community, where we will spend our night in the tent after dinner where we make a campfire and drink typical jungle drinks
Tours Day 4: Camp Beach, Amazon World – Pongo Mainique :
After breakfast we can Take our Boat back to pongo Mainique there to strengthen our soul with ancient beliefs in the afternoon crossed a tributary of the river Alto Urubamba. We will spend the afternoon practicing fish and Anglers.
Tours Day 5: Camp Community Tintiniquiato, Amazon World – Pongo Mainique:
Early after breakfast we can start to explorer the forest of the Megantoni Sanctuary throughout the morning. In the afternoon we return to the pot of Colona Community Tintiniquiato camp there.
Tours Day 6: Back Kiteni/Quillabamba to Cusco, Amazon World – Pongo Mainique :
Early in the morning where we will take the car back to Quillabamba arriving at noon, after lunch continues to Cusco arriving at 10pm.
Tour Included in Amazon World :
- Professional naturalist guide
- Specialized in Reserve Megantoni
- Private bus and boat
- Entrance fees to Reserve zone Megantoni
- All food (vegetarian on request)
- Camping equipment and Lodge stays
- First Aid Kit, extractor ( for poison)
- Radio communication
Not Included in Amazon World :
- Sleeping bag
- Alcoholic drinks etc.
Things You Should Bring For Amazon World :
- Mosquito repellent
- Long sleeved shirts (cotton is better)
- Cotton socks
- Rain gear
- Long pants
- Bathing suit
- hiking shoes
- Binoculars (you can also rent them from)
- Camera and films (400 and 200 ASA)
- Plastic bags for clothes and camera etc.
- Personal things (soap, toilet paper. towel etc.)
- Hat (or handkerchief)
- Sun blocker, sun glasses
- Sleeping bag (can also be rented)
- Flashlight (with spare bulb and batteries)
- Day pack
AMAZON WORLLD MEGANTONI RESERVE ZONE 6D/5N
Departures every Day minimum 2 persons