Amazon Wildlife

Amazon Wildlife

Protein from forest wildlife is crucial to rural food security and livelihoods across the tropics. The harvest of animals such as tapir, duikers, deer,
pigs, peccaries, primates and larger rodents, birds and reptiles provides benefits to local people worth millions of US$ annually and represents
around 6 million tonnes of animals extracted yearly. Vulnerability to hunting varies, with some species sustaining populations in heavily
hunted secondary habitats, while others require intact forests with minimal harvesting to maintain healthy populations. Some species or groups
have been characterized as ecosystem engineers and ecological keystone species. They affect plant distribution and structure ecosystems,
through seed dispersal and predation, grazing, browsing, rooting and other mechanisms