Kosnipata Valley AMAZON WILDLIFE PERU LEADER: MATT DENTON: The Manu Wildlife Peru is unique in South America in offering birders the most accessible and diverse example of contiguous Andean east slope together with western Amazonia forest amazon wildlife peru, a protected area harbouring over 1000 species. Our detailed coverage of this incredible altitudinal transect includes a visit intothe wilds of actual amazon wildlife peru where our journey up the Manu River provides the rare experience of a truly wild, lowland rainforest completely unaltered by man. The Manu 2009 reaped many great rewards with a total of 689 species recorded including memorable sightings of many of the south-eastern Peru in amazon wildlife peru specialties: Blue-headed Macaws in lovely morning light, feeding Amazonian Parrotlets, Black-capped Parakeets at rest, lekking Peruvian Piedtails, the localized White-throated Jacamar, two separate White-cheeked Tody-Tyrants, Unadorned Flycatcher on territory, a nesting Semicollared Puffbird, a male Scarlet-hooded Barbet point-blank, the secretive Rufous-fronted Antthrush and a pair of Black-faced Cotingas to name just a few. Each day brought an enticing selection of new birds providing many other spectacular highlights worth mentioning. A pair of Razor-billed Curassows spied in the subcanopy, a Pale-winged Trumpeter that came charging up to us, a covey of Starred Wood-Quails at our feet and a nesting pair of Solitary Eagle.
We had stunning views of a male Pavonine Quetzal, an extremely brazen Amazonian wildlife peru Antpitta, and an Olive Finch that likewise gave us fine views. Some of the nightbirds we saw included Andean Potoo, a Silky-tailed Nightjar on the trail at dusk, a male Swallow-tailed Nightjar just overhead, a gold medal performance by a displaying male Lyre-tailed Nightjar and for some a Crested Owl. In the cloud forests amazon wildlife peru enjoyed the bizarre displays of Andean Cock-of-the-Rock at their lek and colourful tanager flocks included such gems as Golden-collared and Yellow-throated Tanagers and Scarlet-bellied Mountain- Tanagers. In Manu National Park amazon wildlife peru we enjoyed a superb sighting of a Lowland Tapir walking in the shallows of the amazon wildlife peru River by day, the family of Giant Otters crowned our catamaran experience on the always-superb Cocha Salvador, and the many troops of monkeys included the impressive Common Woolly and Peruvian Spider Monkeys.
The mountains and rainforest of amazon willdife peru never ceased to surprise us with something new each day along the lodge trails or even in the garden just outside our chalet doors. A trip that leaves behind roads and cities for comfortable lodges, pleasant boat travel, candlelight meals and pisco sours, white sand beaches, riots of colourful macaws, and a steady procession of new birds. The tour began with a flight to the historic city of Cusco, and an easy day of birding at nearby Huacarpay Lake. Here in the arid scrub surrounding the lake our main target was the Bearded.
2 Birdquest: The amazon wildlife peru: Mountaineer with whom we eventually connected, later finding it a common bird in the garden of our Sacred Valley hotel. In addition to the mountaineer we found a nice selection of more widespread birds that included Andean Lapwing, Giant Hummingbird, Streak-fronted Thornbird, Yellow-billed Tit-Tyrant, Blue-and-yellow Tanager and the endemic Rusty-fronted Canastero. The lake had a smattering of waterfowl that included Puna and Sharp-winged Teals and Yellow-billed Pintail and in the surrounding marsh we saw Plumbeous Rail, Wren-like Rushbird and Rufous-naped Ground-Tyrant. Our first picnic lunch of the tour was done in customary fine style and an Andean Negrito at the edge of the marsh rounded out the day. the next day we began our journey to the Manu Biosphere Reserve amazon wildlife peru aboard our well-equipped and comfortable expedition bus. Our first sighting of the morning was an Andean Tinamou spotted crossing the mountain road and pausing in the field above us. The road then took us through several typical Quechua villages of hardy highland farmers in whose fields we saw a flock of Spot-winged Pigeons and from which we sorted through flocks of Peruvian, Mourning and Ash-breasted Sierra- Finches and Black-throated Flowerpiercer for a particularly handsome mountain-finch.
After some initial frustration with a wary first bird, we all had fine views of a second group of the endemic Chestnut-breasted Mountain-Finches. Continuing the journey we had good luck in finding Andean (split from Black-faced) Ibis at our usual stake-out, and a Slender-billed Miner was spied blending with the sun-parched landscape. Eventually we arrived at a series of inter-Andean valleys, a biome rich in restricted-range taxa throughout the continent, and within no time we were enjoying a pair of noisy Creamy-crested Spinetails. Soon we reached the 3800 metre pass of Acjanaco, our doorway to another world, for this was the starting point from which we would begin to descend the eastern Andean slope. amazon wildlife peru the ever-changing weather featured only scattered fog as we enjoyed a nice selection of birds that included Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant, White-browed Conebill, Moustached Flowerpiercer, and Plaincoloured Seedeater.
Loading onto the bus we drove down into rather thick fog that eventually cleared after losing some altitude and allowed us to excellent sightings of Grey-breasted Mountain-Toucan, a Puna Thistletail responding to playback, and a frenzied flock of tanagers and flycatchers that included the incomparable Grass-green Tanager as well as Chestnut-breasted Mountain-Tanager alongside its plainer brethren the Drab Hemispingus. That evening we spotlighted a fine male Swallow-tailed Nightjar making display flights overhead and flying in for incredible close-ups. That evening we had the relative comfort of bunk-beds along with hot showers and tasty food at the Wayquecha Lodge, a cloud forest biological station owned by the Amazonian wildlife peru Conservation Association. The next morning from the station grounds we began with a Scaled Metaltail in response to playback, a pair of Andean Parakeets passed in low flight overhead and a group of vocalizing Pale-footed Swallows was an added bonus.
As we continued our descent, mixed-flocks contained Scarlet-bellied and Hooded Mountain-Tanagers and a superb pair of Golden-collared Tanager. In these misty, bamboo-choked, epiphyte-laden temperate forests we tracked down small passerines such as Black-throated Tody- Tyrant, Fulvous Wren, the endemic Marcapata Spinetail and the exquisite Maroon-chested Chat- Tyrant (split from Slaty-backed), in addition to other stunning cloud forest birds that included Goldenheaded Quetzal, Masked Trogon, Barred Fruiteater and White-collared Jay. The avifauna continued to change as we descended with new birds such as Blue-banded Toucanet, both Andean and Whiteeared Solitaires, Barred Becard, White-browed Hemispingus, Pale-legged Warbler and Dusky-greenb Oropendola all seen well. Surely one of the major highlights though was when Henco made an almost impossible spot of an Andean Potoo on its day roost. The first of our Manu wildlife peru was the Cock-of-the-Rock Lodge, an aptly named place as just a fiveminute walk took us into a semi-open hide from which we watched the amazing displays of Andean Cock-of-the-Rocks at their lek. We watched the bright orange males strut and dip their crested heads with their wings raised in excitement and their voices often reaching a crescendo at the appearance of a dimly plumaged female. Here in the Kosñipata valley some of the many highlights included a superb sighting of Crimson-bellied Woodpecker, several pairs of Versicoloured Barbets, a secretive.
3 Birdquest: The Manu amazon wildlife peru: Slaty Gnateater from the forest understorey, a pair of Crested Quetzals in a fruiting tree and chunky roadside Highland Motmots. Hummers visiting the lodge feeders and flowering shrubs included Wire-crested Thorntail, Many-spotted Hummingbird, Violet-fronted Brilliant and Sparkling Violetear. In addition to great birds near the lodge we also drove up and down the road that transects the cloud forest, stopping for mixed flocks and sampling a wide array of elevations. Here amidst this breathtaking scenery of unbroken cloud forest, steep mountainsides and deep valleys we saw Sandy’s much requested Black-and-chestnut (or Isidore’s) Eagle soaring overhead. Just moments later Jake made a second great feat of raptor spotting of a Solitary Eagle soaring with possibly a snake in its talons and then perching below the road. After some careful searching it was Keith who spotted the actual nest where a begging chick was seen with its magnificent parent Solitary Eagle perched nearby. Later that evening we were thrilled by the truly awesome display of a male Lyre-tailed Nightjar as it made a long series of nearly continuous flights from a close perch, eliciting cries of wonder from the admiring throng of birders.
In the temperate forest we sometimes struggled to find mixed foraging flocks but still managed good views of some of the jewel-like Tangara tanagers including Golden-naped, Golden-eared, Golden, Beryl-spangled and Blue-and-black Tanagers as well as the somewhat shy Yellow-throated Tanager. Mid-storey flocks held the endemic Inca Flycatcher, the retiring Striped Treehunter, and in the dense understorey we had good views of White-crowned Tapaculo and the unobtrusive Unadorned Flycatcher.More good birds awaited us in the foothill zone below the lodge where an Amazonian Umbrellabird was seen at the road’s edge, the recently-described Rufous-browed Tyrannulet was spied in a flock, a Peruvian Piedtail gave us a point-blank scold with its tail spread wide, and a singing Olive Finch in great light on an exposed perch was unforgettable. A few of us had a good view of a male Whitebacked Fire-eye and then a Lanceolated Monklet was spotted sunbathing on an exposed perch from the moving bus. We all piled out of the bus to scope this scarce little puffbird as quickly as possible only to have it fly in even closer for more views. Our bamboo birding also got off to a great start here in the foothills with lengthy studies of the smartly plumaged White-cheeked Tody-Tyrant, an obligate bamboo-specialist. Late in the afternoon after seeing Black Antbird and Stripe-chested Antwren, we finally descended upon Atalaya where we switched modes of transportation for the short ride across the Rio Madre de Dios.
In the late afternoon we arrived in the clearing at Amazonia Lodge to enjoy a refreshing welcome drink of local citrus as we enjoyed a parade of hummers led by none other than a male Gould’s Jewelfront. Our first morning at Amazonia Lodge began with torrential rain, however the garden birds did not mind the rain and the mahogany veranda was a great place to sit and study the steady procession of hummers on the flowering porterweed hedge which included male Rufous-crested Coquettes (the lodge mascot), Golden-tailed Sapphire, Blue-tailed and Sapphire-spangled Emeralds, and Greybreasted Sabrewing. Feeders also brought in plenty of Speckled Chachalacas, Masked Crimson Tanagers, Red-capped Cardinals, Black-billed Thrush and Black-and-white Seedeaters. Furnarids such as Pale-legged Hornero and Plain-crowned Spinetails made the rounds and a White-lored Tyrannulet was called in for close views. A pair of Grey-necked Wood-Rails inspected newly formed puddles for prey, and as soon as the shower had passed there was Blue-throated Piping-Guan, Blue-headed Parrot, Roadside Hawk, Chestnut-eared Aracari, Purplish Jay and nesting Chestnut-fronted Macaws and Yellow-rumped Caciques all doing their best to dry out. We all donned our wellies and to begin our mid-morning walk we had great views through the scope of a male Fine-barred Piculet tapping away. A pair of resting Spix’s Guan feeding on palm fruits promptly followed and a cuddly family group of Smooth-billed Anis was even scoped up. The forest was still a bit drippy but we got right into it with the forest birds, seeing a pair of Chestnut-tailed Antbirds, followed by great views of Pectoral Sparrow and also Band-tailed Manakin. A Rusty-belted Tapaculo was next, and instead of having to find it walking along the dark forest floor, this obliging fellow perched four feet off the ground on a horizontal branch and started singing his head off! With this great result we next tried our luck with yet another understorey denizen, a pair of Thrush-like Antpittas that was seen well by nearly all of us. The lodge’s small oxbow lake was welcome respite and provided our first views of the amazon wildlife peru
4 Birdquest: The Manu Amazon Wildlife Peru: The strange Hoatzin, as well as Great Kiskadee and Yellow-tufted Woodpecker. The floodplain forest surrounding the lodge continued to yield new birds during our stay with highlights including the tiny Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant perched so low we could really appreciate its size, a mixed flock with Red-billed Scythebill, Slender-billed Xenops and Chestnut-vented Conebill and a singing male Lemon-throated Barbet. After initially trying to see an impossibly hidden individual with only partial success, we tried a second territory for Amazonian Antpitta with Cathryn first spotting what was voted our bird-of-the-trip, perched up right before us on a trapeze like vine five feet off the ground! This aggressive bird meant business, wanting no one intruding on his territory, and the looks we had were truly special.
We also ventured up into the hill forest behind the lodge where a Barred Forest-Falcon flew in for good views and a pair of Razor-billed Curassows flushed from the trail allowing us all to see this fabulous bird in the subcanopy. A family group of White-browed Purpletufts and a beautiful White Hawk were highlights from atop the canopy tower, while down below we saw Round-tailed Manakins at a lek, but activity was slow until the late morning when we started to pick up some mixed flocks with Tschudi’s Woodcreeper (split from Ocellated), Rufous-tailed Antwren, Olive Tanager, Golden-bellied Warbler, Bluish-Slate Antshrike and then a subcanopy tanager flock led by White-winged Shrike-Tanager and Yellow-crested Tanager with Yellow-bellied Tanager and Rufoustailed Foliage-gleaner in tow. Later that evening, a Southern Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl perched at the lip of his tree roosting cavity provided yet another lasting from Amazonia amazon wildlife peru.
After saying goodbye to our hosts at Amazonia Lodge we loaded onto our comfortable boat for the short ride down the headwaters of the Alto Madre de Dios, where Fasciated Tiger-Herons patiently standing in the rapids were commonplace. Our departure was timed perfectly to coincide with the activity at a parrot clay lick at which we had excellent views of the rare Blue-headed Macaw bathed in tropical yellow morning light. After seeing the birds both on the clay wall and in flight we continued to our lodge placed at the base of the Pantiacolla Range. Within just moments of arriving a male Scarlet-hooded Barbet appeared at close-range, a great start to our bamboo birding that was followed quickly by a smart male Ihering’s Antwren on territory and then the chattery notes of Amazonian Parrotlets alerted us to their presence for yet another excellent sighting.
Further along a Rufous-headed Woodpecker suddenly appeared on a low perch overhead, a Black-throated Toucanet (split from Emerald) was seen feeding on fruits, a pair of Cinnamon-throated Woodcreepers responded well to playback as did Strong-billed Woodcreeper and Striated Antbird. In the afternoon we started off with a pair of Goeldi’s Antbirds, a Flammulated Pygmy-Tyrant showed to some, a Musician Wren in song gave us all many great views, a Dusky-tailed Flatbill was gradually brought into close view and we finished the day with a responsive Brown-rumped Foliage-gleaner. The next day we continued our boat journey beyond the forested ridges to the perimeter of the vast Amazon basin and the fabled Manu River. After signing in at the ranger station we were now for the first time within the actual park boundaries. Venturing up the Manu River is for many the once-in-alifetime experience of the planet’s last great refugium, and in the mesmerizing play of water and sun under a spectacular skyscape of puffy cumulus clouds, our minds contemplated the untouched rainforest, its jaguars and ‘uncontacted’ indigenes within. This year the water levels of the Manu River were quite high allowing us to advance past the usual maze of logjams but there were far fewer sandbars than usual. Although we dipped on the big cat, there were far greater numbers of waterbirds here than on the rocky Madre de Dios river with several family groups of Orinoco Goose, numerous Large-billed and Yellow-billed Terns, Black Skimmers on the wing plying the shallows, smart-looking Pied Lapwings and numerous Collared Plovers. We watched sunbathing Horned Screamers with their huge feet taking slow steps on these serene beaches, our passing seemingly just a curiosity to them. Further spectacle was provided by multitudes of Sand-coloured Nighthawks roosting on the fallen crowns of giant emergent trees naturally brought down during the previous rainy season.During our stay inside Manu National Park amazon wildlife peru we birded the floodplain surrounding Cocha Salvador as well as the nearby terra firme forests. The highlight of our visit was our catamaran birding on Cocha salvador, an oxbow lake famous amongst biologists and film crews for its family of Giant Otters and.
5 Birdquest: The Manu amazon wildlife peru :Wealth of fauna. In the early morning hours we saw an impressive variety of birds from our catamaran that included of course plenty of water birds such as Anhinga, Rufescent Tiger-Heron, Agami and Capped Herons, Green Ibis, Sungrebe and a very cooperative little Rufous-sided Crake. As per the norm in Manu amazon wildlife peru, early mornings were great for all three of the big macaws with Scarlet, Red-and-green and Blue-and-yellow Macaws seen flying to their foraging sites. The forest edge was alive with Lettered and Ivory-billed Aracaris, Spot-breasted, Scale-breasted and Lineated Woodpeckers, Blackcapped Donacobius, Black-tailed Tityra and Plum-throated Cotinga and eventually our summons were met with a response from a pair of the highly sought-after Black-faced Cotinga seen perched above the lake. A film crew from National Geographic was filming the otters from a second catamaran, and we all marvelled at the family of five otters actively fishing on this massive oxbow lake. We watched these endangered and fierce predators provide one of the most charismatic amazon wildlife peru spectacles on the continent as they each devour up to five kilograms of fish per day in audible, bonecrushing bites.
We also saw the endangered Black Caiman here, the otters’ sworn enemy with whom they often do battle. The forest trails here once again proved to have an interesting mix of species, foremost among them the Pale-winged Trumpeter who came charging up to us for superb views. A Bartlett’s Tinamou also gave us a similar performance with what was surely the record in length of observation of any forest Crypturellus. Other highlights included our first Screaming Pihas, the seesaw routine of a calling Golden-collared Toucanet, the spritely Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin, the grounddwelling Ringed Antpipit, a Dull-capped Attila perched at nearly head-height, and finally a Rufouscapped Antthrush striking the most picturesque pose at close-focus range. A visit up to the Pakitza ranger station was unfortunately rained out, but along the way Henco brought to our attention a completely obvious and massive Lowland Tapir walking in the shallows of the amazon wildlife peru Manu River by day. To see one of these normally nocturnal creatures in broad daylight was truly special. Next we retraced our boat journey back to Boca Manu and a short distance down the Madre de Dios. Shortly after lunch we tracked down a Rufous-fronted Antthrush singing in a patch of successional forest and after a protracted session of playback we all had excellent views of this rare bird. By lateafternoon we arrived at Manu amazon Wildlife peru, another fine lodge providing access to a wide variety of Amazonian habitats, where we ended the day with close views of two avian delights: Semicollared Puffbird and Black-tailed Leaftosser.Our first morning was spent at the Blanquillo macaw clay lick where we enjoyed one of the great parrot spectacles of the world. Hundreds and hundreds of birds consisting of shrieking Blue-headed Parrots and smaller numbers of Orange-cheeked, Yellow-crowned and Mealy Parrots and Duskyheaded, Tui and Cobalt-winged Parakeet made their deafening presence known, with most of them coming down to the clay wall to dine on their clay biscuits with the typical noise and fanfare.
There were several Little Ground-Tyrants to keep us entertained as we waited for the macaws to gather their numbers and courage. The short wait for the macaws was well worth it and after some initial hesitation around 60 Red-and-green Macaws descended to the wall to break off chunks of the hard clay they so desperately crave. This macaw spectacle lasted for well over an hour and provided some great photographic opportunities but eventually we had to tear ourselves away from this spectacle birding for our thrills in the bamboo! We visited a couple of bamboo trails in the area for our remaining quota of bamboo specialists with highlights including the smartly patterned Bamboo Antshrike, the recently described Manu Antbird, and with great effort several of us had complete views of Peruvian Recurvebill (including the bill). From the area’s two canopy towers there were White-bellied Parrots, a trio of Cream-coloured Woodpeckers in territorial dispute, colourful Orange-backed Troupial, Yellow-bellied and Blackfaced Dacnises and an inquisitive Grey Antbird, but canopy birding this year was fairly slow in comparison to previous years with practically no flock activity. We also visited a second oxbow lake where we found such localized species as Pale-eyed Blackbird and Black-billed Seed-Finch and in the surrounding forest had excellent close encounters with a covey of Starred Wood-Quail, perched Rose-fronted Parakeets and a mixed flock with Orange-fronted Plushcrown. We worked the the amazon wildlife peru.
6 Birdquest: The Manu amazon wildlife peru :Huge network of forest trails finding some great Amazonian birds including superb looks at a handsome male Pavonine Quetzal, a tree-pounding Red-necked Woodpecker and the delicate, ground-dwelling Banded Antbird (or Antwren). Night birding in the area proved very productive with a Silky-tailed Nightjar foraging inside the forest at dusk and then actually landing on the trail long enough for most of us to get a scope view of it, an incubating male Ocellated Poorwill motionless on his nest allowed our close approach and a nocturnal foray yielded a Crested Owl in the spotlight. Our last day was spent in the terra firme trails where we had good views of a pair of Black-bellied Cuckoos, Golden-green Woodpecker, Chestnut-winged Hookbill, a male Black-tailed Trogon, a male Pink-throated Becard, and a family group of White-fronted Nunbird. One of the great triumphs was finally nailing great views of a White-bellied Tody-Tyrant after frustrating previous attempts with a few devilish individuals. Good scope views of Black-capped (Rock) Parakeets at the mammal clay lick were had just before the tropical deluge that had been building over the last two days was finally unleashed making for a rather wet return in which we still managed very good scope views of a singing White-chinned Sapphire. Our last afternoon was spent in the lodge garden where we enjoyed a nice flock with Lemon-throated Barbet and as the day faded a Chestnut-capped Puffbird proved to be our last new lodge bird.
All of the rain the previous day gave us perfect, overcast weather for our boat journey downriver. Two Jabiru storks during the journey were the major avian highlight and before long we once again were reunited with a road at the river port of Laberinto. A new tarmac surface made the short drive to the frontier town of Puerto Maldonado that much easier and during the journey we made several stops for open country birds that included Southern Lapwing, Southern Caracara, Burrowing Owl, Rusty-margined and Boat-billed Flycatcher, Lined and Double-collared Seedeater, and Grassland Sparrow. At a flooded forest of Moriche palms we had superb views of a very responsive Point-tailed Palmcreeper and a lovely pair of Sulphury Flycatchers. The next morning we visited a productive country road with riverine second growth where we started out with good views of a Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch in the scope, a Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher in the undergrowth and some of us saw Buff-breasted Wren.
A juvenile Grey Hawk perched up for us for good views and it soon became obvious that Purus Jacamar was extremely common here. A migrant Swainson’s Flycatcher was scoped up just before a Slender-billed Kite magically appeared for stunning close views of it perched over the road. Next Henco spotted a White-throated Jacamar allowing us all to get a good view of this localized bird that was our primary target of the morning. A Johannes’s Tody-Tyrant followed with all seeing this second-growth speciality, and a Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner was unusually generous by allowing many good views. A pair of Barred Antshrikes also made a lovely sight before we moved to a nearby dairy farm where there were numerous Red-breasted Blackbirds, Black-faced Tanagers were perched on the barbed-wire fence, King Vulture soared overhead and nearby woodland held a Straight-billed Woodcreeper. A Solitary Sandpiper was seen leaving the cowpen and a great finale to our lowland birding was provided by a Sunbittern who flew across our path with the sun illuminating its unique, aposematic plumage pattern. A regularly scheduled commercial jet flight whisked us back to Cusco where we had lunch in the plaza before setting off to our lodge in the Sacred Valley.
A surprisingly wide variety of hummingbirds visited the many flowers of the beautifully landscaped gardens of our hotel making for a very enjoyable afternoon. Giant Hummingbirds were perched just about everywhere we looked, a male Great Sapphirewing gave us a beautiful showing, at least two different Bearded Mountaineers were either hovering or duelling in mid-air most of the time, and both White-bellied and Green-andwhite Hummingbirds were present. The next morning we boarded our train to Machu Picchu and from our riverside seats at the front of the train we enjoyed numerous Torrent Ducks on the Rio Urubamba. All enjoyed the very scenic train ride and quickly after arriving at Aguas Calientes we took about an hour to do some birding before our tour of the ruins. We saw many of our targets in quick succession, with everything from Ocellated Piculet to Silvery (Silver-backed) and Fawnbreasted Tanagers, Sclater’s, Ashy-headed and Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulets, Oleaginous Hemispingus, and Variable Antshrike. Our informative tour of the citadel of Machu Picchu with our interpretive guide was blessed with clear blue skies amidst its spectacular setting.
After lunch we had just enough time to tape in a cooperative pair of garrulous Inca Wrens before boarding the afternoon train back to Cusco. Upon our return to the coastal capital of Lima, we quickly set off for the Lomas de Lachay National Reserve, a hill formation in the midst of the Atacama desert. Here in a verdant boulder strewn valley covered in seasonal fog vegetation we saw a nice variety of coastal endemics and specialities such as Oasis Hummingbird, Peruvian Sheartail, Short-tailed Field-Tyrant, Cactus Canastero and Greyish and Thick-billed Miners as well as more widespread species such as Band-tailed Sierra-Finch and Collared Warbling-Finch. On the flowering desert floor we had good views of Coastal Miner and a pair of Least Seedsnipes with an ambulatory chick whilst Black-chested Buzzard-Eagles cruised back and forth and the air was filled with the song of Peruvian Meadowlarks. A quick dash to the very sunny coast netted us a few of the Humboldt current birds including Peruvian Booby, Peruvian Pelican and Grey, Belcher’s and Kelp Gulls. Waterfowl including Great Grebe graced a local marsh and a resting pair of Peruvian Thick-Knees was also a welcome addition. We could have easily spent the rest of the afternoon soaking up the coastal sun and exploring the shoreline and neighbouring marsh areas, but alas we had to gradually pull ourselves away to prepare for our flights home. It had been a memorable and bird-filled trip in which we had shared so many great sightings and experiences in a small yet hyper-diverse corner of the great country that is amazon wildlife peru