Manu National Park: tourism in protected natural areas in manu tour is one of the general objectives of protected natural areas is to “provide opportunities for recreation and outdoor recreation in constructive and healthy way, and for tourism development based on the natural and cultural features of the country with Manu Jungle Trips “
Manu National Park is one of the units of the National System of Protected Natural Areas (SINANPE) and is under the responsibility of the National Institute of Natural Resources (INRENA). INRENA’s mission is to promote, regulate, supervise and conduct activities related to the rational use and conservation of natural resources with the active participation of the private sector and other government agencies as is the case of tourism, the Ministry of Commerce Exterior and Tourism (MINCETUR) of Peru, as well as regional and local governments for the manu tour.
The Head of the Manu National Park evaluates tourism operators (only those who are registered with the MINCETUR) as it relates to logistics and security required to operate the ANP and site plans for shelters . It also assesses companies of tourist transport (fluvial) that provide licensed circuits identified in the lower basin of the Manu River and in the Andean routes and other services that are authorized. To do this, the leadership has people and checkpoints.
In the Manu National Park, the Rules of Tourism and Recreation was proposed for adoption since 1996, tourism has been organizing based on this proposal, the same that was formalized through a Departmental directive PN Manu 1998 in Peru. This allowed a system of activity in the Manu Reserved Zone and Acjanaco sector in the Andean part and organizing the necessary infrastructure. Since 2001, with the enactment of the regulation of the Law of Protected Natural Areas of Peru, has been working on the process of adapting the activity and manu tour operators.
MANU NATIONAL PARK – UNESCO
UNESCO recognized in 1987 the National Park of Manu as ‘World Natural Heritage’ (sic). After the appointment, the National Park has been listed for world tourists oriented nature jungle trips. The departments of Madre de Dios and Cusco are world renowned for their mega and are part of Vilcabamba Amboró Conservation Corridor, which is included as one of its axes of tourism development within Peru. In the Manu National Park is included as one of the main attractions with jungle trips. The eco-tourist corridor Cusco-Manu tour is an opportunity that has been presented the tourism product in the Southern Region, orientation, isolation or difficult accessibility may be one way of maintaining this ecotourism area with a high value for the market in Peru.
TRAVEL MANU JUNGLE TOUR
In terms of number of visitors travel to the jungle, Manu National Park does not play an important role nationally. Compared with the other two jungle destinations in Peru – Iquitos and Tambopata tours – the Manu tour on the third. Iquitos shows the profile of a consolidated and saturated in their travel destination. Iquitos, which is close to the Pacaya Samiria National Reserve, offers different packages and lowland routes, with walks not only in small boats but modern and comfortable boats with jungle trips. In Tambopata tours, activity also dates from before the Manu tour, and operates under a different modality, especially in privately owned hostels around the ANP. In the PN Manu, the activity takes place in two shelters concession by the State within the single -case protected area in the SINANPE-, functioning as the main destinations Conchas Salvador and Otorongo and reserve sandoval lake.
The average annual growth rate of foreign tourism for the period 1995 – 2000 with jungle trips was 14.2% in the case of Manu and Tambopata tours 21.9% for candamo. The flow of foreign tourists to these destinations tropical rainforest meant 1% and 7.1% of the flow of visitors to Cusco respectively. Most foreign tourists visiting Manu, Tambopata tours sandoval lake and having bought his tour in Peru, they did in any intermediary agency in Cusco with trips to the Peruvian jungle.
Tambopata tours showing greater growth than the Manu. Contributing to this its proximity to the city of Puerto Maldonado, with flights scheduled air services in medium aircraft, besides being connected by road to Cusco.
History of tourism in Manu National Park
At the beginning of the 1980s, interest in visiting natural areas is increased and a new current or tourism product appears in Peru, which focuses attention on Iquitos, Huaraz, the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu -Ruta pedestrian who became famous as the best of Latin America- trekking circuit, snowcapped Ausangate and Salkantay in Cusco, Colca Canyon in Arequipa and others. These destinations come to constitute an interesting motivators specialized market segment in nature. The Peruvian state promoted it as ‘Adventure’ by the Tourism Promotion Fund.
Within this panorama of domestic tourism, nature tourism, initially conceptualized and managed as ‘adventure’, has gradually diversified, including in the tourism rivers, lakes, glaciers, forests and other natural areas. Meanwhile, in the southeast of Peru, almost silently, begins to grow a new form of tourism that is interested in visiting the forests of the Amazon in a mixture of research, study and recreation. Since 1984, included the Manu National Park in the national tourism, with great effort pioneers travel agents with trips to the Peruvian jungle. many companies making tourism to the jungle camp on the shores of Manu River and aim to travel the Biological Station of Cocha Cashu. This scientific and adventure tourism has contributed greatly to global knowledge of Manu as a tourism product.
Currently, Manu tour is positioned as a tourist destination, based on the fact that a pristine and abundant biodiversity place, something that has been achieved largely through the work of scientists and researchers of international renown, who have spread the results of their work in journals and scientific reports from prestigious universities. Several of these researchers have been recognized for having discovered species new to science in the PN Manu. Also the film and distinguished visitors have attracted the attention of tourism entrepreneurs, who saw in the abundance of natural resources, the ability to generate attractive returns. The ease of observing wildlife along the entire route out as a key element of this product.
The National Park has implemented with the Municipality of Paucartambo the Andean route on the Acjanaco industry – Tres Cruces. In an even greater effort is being promoted various sporting and cultural activities with the so-called ‘Andean Circuit – cloud forest’, the same that combines hiking, carts flames, mountain biking, boating, flora and fauna cloud forest. Out of this area have been successfully tested walks, bicycle rides (especially in the cloud forest), boating and kayakking in rivers Kosñipata, Qeros and Hue, visit native communities and visiting populations Patria and Pilcopata. The main tourist activity that takes place in the lower part of the Manu River is the observation of wildlife within certain rules are respected by operators jungle trips.