MANU PARK: Manu Biosphere Reserve houses literally millions of insects in the water, soil, leaf litter, understory, and rainforest canopy. Studies in Manu Park have uncovered over 40 species of ants in a single rainforest tree equal to the entire number of ant species in England. By fogging small portions of Manu Park rainforest canopy with bio degradable pesticides, multiplying the number of different insect species found by the number of trees in a hectare, the total estimated number of insect species in the world has been raised by 20-30 million An amazing 95% of these insects are totally unknown to science. A weevil (family Curculionidae) moves its ungainly dark body and proboscis forward along a leaf Weevil larvae often feed on plant roots or other tissues, causing extensive damage before pupating and becoming adults. A horned katydid (family Tettigoniidae) emerges from its daytime hiding place and begins searching for seeds or insects. Many insect species rely upon darkness to protect them from the sharp, predatory eyes of hundreds of species of daytime birds. The insects communicate with one another by sound and use highly tuned olfactory receptors to locate the food upon which they feed. A longhorn beetle (family Cerambycidae) readies itself for flight.
MANU PARK: Appearing like pieces of colored wax or candy, the insects in the photos on this and the following page all display one theme in common the use of color as a warning to predators that they contain poisons or have a foul taste. Unlike other insects, which may rely upon mimicry to disguise their true identity, these do just the opposite; loudly announcing their presence to a multitude of predatory monkeys and birds. Many poisonous or foul-tasting insects ingest their poisons directly from the plants that they feed upon. Through evolutionary specialization, certain insect species are able to neutralize or overcome specific plant poisons that other insects cannot. Many of these specialized insects then incorporate the plants’ poisons into chemical armaments of their own. By loudly advertising the chemicals’ presence, poisonous insects depend upon the ability of birds and mammals to associate certain obvious colors with inedible and unpleasant foods. A tortoise beetle (subfamily Cassidinae) probes a cluster of rainforest flowers while protected by the “hands off” message inherent in its green, metallic sheen in manu park
MANU PARK: Manu Park comprising the so-called Manu Park, had an area of 257,000 hectares and served as a protected area of transition to the park, to cushion the effects of entry to protected area from the territories of normal use. This area was located at the end of the Manu River to its mouth in the Bajo Madre de Dios, and was exploited for tourism and scientific research.
Finally, the Transition Manu Park, also called Cultural District, was a prerequisite to the Buffer Zone and the Manu Park space, but with a lesser degree of protection. Covering 91,394 hectares in two sectors, the Amazon and the Andean, located two the Upper Madre de Dios and the Mapacho respectively. These are areas where Amazonian population, migrant Andean and developing different des productive activities in Manu park
This delimitation of the Biosphere Reserve Manu Park experience substantial changes that are in the approval process and probably will require several years for consolidation. Indeed, according to the Land Use Plan of the MBR produced during the years 2001 and 2002 will be achieved program Man and the Biosphere (MAB) of UNESCO for recognition, the Biosphere Manu Park has an area of 6’298, 617.93 ha. and will cover territories departments of Cusco and Madre de Dios and to a lesser extent, the Ucayali.
According to the usual zoning Biosphere Reserve Manu National Park is divided into three spaces closely related but cover a larger area than a core of the culture zone and transition zone of the Manu Park trips.