>MANU BIOSPHERE RESERVE
MANU BIOSPHERE RESERVE
Manu Biosphere reserve is 242km (150 miles) NE of Cusco Manu, a UNESCO World Biosphere Reserve and World Heritage Site, certainly lack for distinctions and accolades. The Biosphere Reserve encompasses the least sible and explored jungle of primary and secondary forest in Peru, and it is about as as you’re likely to come to virgin rainforest anywhere in the world. In fact, it’s so r that not only did the Spaniards, who found their way to virtually every cornerof except Machu Picchu, never enter the jungle, but the Incas, who created an empire stretched from Ecuador to Chile, never conquered the region, either. The forest v, really penetrated until the late 1800s, when rubber barons and loggers set their sights it. Peru declared it a national park in 1973. Only slightly smaller than the.
>MANU BLANQUILLO MACAW CLAY LICK (Hiding Place)
MANU BLANQUILLO MACAW CLAY LICK (Hiding Place)
Brings several families of parrots and macaws. In front of it there is a platform-observatory (The Hiding Place) can accommodate 100 visitors, to take pictures of the bird activity without the need for expensive lenses, under a protective roof and with sanitary facilities (urinary).
>INFORMATION: MANU MAQUISAPAYOJ / CAMUNGO OXBOW LAKES
MANU MAQUISAPAYOJ / CAMUNGO OXBOW LAKES
Using a catamaran we can visit all around this water mirror, habitat for various wildlife populations as otters (Pteronura brasiliensis). But, the most attractive is the presence of various species of birds like the camungo, the prehistoric hoatzin and more 150 species of birds, and monkeys, white alligators and of course the River Otters.
>THREE AREAS OF MANU RESERVE ZONE
THREE AREAS OF MANU RESERVE ZONE
The reserve is divided into three zones. By far the largest, Zone A is the core zone, the National Park, which is strictly preserved in its natural state. Zone B is a Buffer Zone, generally known as the Reserved Zone and set aside mainly for controlled research and tourism. Zone C is the Transitional or Cultural Zone, an area of human settlement for controlled traditional use. Accessible only by boat, any expedition to Manu is very much in the hands of the gods, because of the temperamental jungle environment; the region experiences a rainy season from December to March, and is best visited between May and August when it’s much drier, although at that time the temperatures often exceed 30°C (86°F).
>FLORA FAUNA OF THE MANU NATIONAL PARK
FLORA FAUNA OF THE MANU NATIONAL PARK
For flora and fauna, the Manu is pretty much unbeatable in South America, home to 20,000 vascular plant types (one five-square-kilometer area was found to contain 1147 species of vascular plants, almost as many as in the whole of Great Britain), with over 5000 flowering plants, 1200 species of butterfly, 1000 types of bird, 200 kinds of mammal and an unknown quantity of reptiles and insects. Rich in macaw salt-licks, otter lagoons and prowling jaguars, there are thirteen species of monkey and seven species of macaw in Manu, and it still contains other species in serious danger of extinction, such as the giant otter and the black caiman (Melanosuchus www.sandovallakeamazontravel.com)
>INFORMATION: MANU NATIONAL PARK
MANU NATIONAL PARK
ACCESS ROUTES OF MANU NATIONAL PARK
Due to the nature of the trip Cusco – Manu national park there are three pathways of complement each other, which are:
VIA LAND OF MANU NATIONAL PARK : The road is used Cusco – Shintuya, in which the second named is in the province of Manu; in whose path the vehicle train is regulated, considering day in and day out admission days are Monday, Wednesday and Friday. While (exit are Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday This provision of the Ministry of transportation and communications, is due to the narrowness of the road, bridge Huambutío in Cusco until Shintuya. Besides this pathway Paucartambo has steep slopes, why circulating Paucartambo into the jungle only trucks and vans suspension wheel drive, especially to spend Sludge and Coal ford rivers. On the way after passing the bridge Huambutío, after an hour is reached Huancarani district is 3,700 meters above sea level. In which place is held the Sunday fair purchase and see agricultural products of the highlands area, such as potatoes, ollucos, barley, lamb. Then after two hours of journey up Paucartambo, which is 2,906 meters above sea level. View gallery of the Manu National Park.
RIVER MAPACHO IN THE MANU NATIONAL PARK: River Mapacho going through the hill that city Paucartambo is characterized by well-painted houses, some white and others blue with blue balconies narrow streets well paved with river stones is also famous party of the Virgin del Carmen celebrated with much pomp on 16 July, with the large variety of groups of dancers who sing beautiful songs. This town is located 77 kilometers from the city of Cusco. After passing the town of Paucartambo climb to the highest point called Acjanacu at the entrance of Manu National Park is 104 kilometers an hour to three quarters of the 3,500 m located and 3 degrees Celsius temperature where the first checkpoint is the Manu National Park. This place is open to whose right hand there are high mountains over 4,000 meters as Qañaqway, known to the locals in the Andean idiosyncrasy under the name of Apu Qañaqway or tutelary deity of the area, while the left side branches within the Manu National Park, 15 kilometers road heading East, which goes to sunrise observatory, called Tress Cruces or the East Balcony 3,800 m In whose area the rough straw and intense cold prevails there begins the entrance to the reserve Manu National Park.
ACAJANACU THE DOOR OF THE MANU NATIONAL PARK: The observation is between the months of May June to mid-July; This natural phenomenon is beautiful by the different shades of colors that contrast between the star rising sun and clouds, each output being very different in color and shape in his appearance, to be observed across the disk of the star. Continuing the road from Acjanaco penetration (Manu National Park) begins the descent to Qosñipata Quechua name that is explained by the low output and crisp mist from the inside of the jungle and slowly ascending the mountains to transport; the sharpness of the fog looks like smoke, which in Quechua qosñi leg height translates as, being the merger of these two terms in Quechua Qosñipata. This entire sector has very steep descent, which is why the development of very dangerous road has many sharp curves that are adorned with crosses testifying accidents that occurred in these places. As the road goes down to LA Manu National Park Reserve will reach the place called New Hope name since then up to Pillawata where there are two houses, the place where a restaurant where passengers take their food works. From this place the jungle begins and the presence of orchids (Sobralia dichotoma). Continuing the journey you reach the place called Buenos Aires; once this Union where the level of Ceja jungle ends) starts jungle Alta is in turn the level of the rainforest because in that place the meeting of two streams, habitat, adjacent to the Cock of the Rock of Manu National Park (Rupícola Peruvian)
CLOUD FOREST MANU NATIONAL PARK: The place called San Pedro is located in the Manu National Park Reserve tranche which has a very rocky descent in bounds, with crisp presence on both sides of the deep ravines on the right road forest. In this section the traveler will have the opportunity to observe the beauty of the Cock of the Rock, nuanced color between red and black male and female dark brown from the Paca here or Bamboo (Guadua weberbaueri) that is hanging over whose branches can have the thick thorns at each node. Continuing about three miles above the creek and called Delete Calzón reflecting the fact that years ago when not yet entered the car were made travel to Manu National Park on the back of a beast by the bridle path, that on one occasion the wife a landowner in the area to spend the indicated Qosñi creek in the rainy season had been dragged p force of the water and lost his undergarment. Since the accident was eaten by laborers who named the creek as it removes Briefs. Then, after an hour’s drive you will reach the small village within Chonta Chaka Reserve (Manu National Park) which means bridge in Castilian Chonta (Bactris gasopi in whose place the descent of the road ends, and then continue plain passing the Assumption community as it is called a ranch inhabited place where great diversity of species in their natural habitat .Then above the lowest populated country in this part of the road has very deep sloughs and potholes that make impossible the movement of small cars; likewise in the towns of ChontaChaka and Patria on both sides of the cemetery road truck chassis Chevrolet and Ford 1940 to 1965, shows that come to be silent in the history of logging and transfer are observed des wood forest to the road in such vehicles of the Manu National Park.
AMAZON PERU MACAWS CLAY LICK
All Macaws have large, strong bills, bright plumage and long tapered tails, but their distinguishing field characteristic is the bare patch of facial skin around the eye and beak.. The three larger species of the Amazon Peru Macaw are much brighter in color than the other two Red and Green Macaws and Scarlet Macaws are both bright crimson, but Red and Greens have no yellow feathers on their wings (Scarlet do). Blue and Yellow Macaws, as their name suggests, are bright cobalt blue and gold in the Amazon Peru
All three have (harsh crow-like calls that echo around the forest, whether in flight, feeding in fruiting trees or at the colpas, they are never quiet .Amazon Peru Macaws nest in holes in trees or in the branches of large emergent trees. Blue and Yellows are the most selective-in choosing a nest site, generally only nesting inside old Puna Palms. This is a growing problem for these spectacular birds as the bird trade has cut down many of these nest sites in the search for chicks to export. There are research programmers, however in Tambopata that erect artificial nest sites, in likely trees to hopefully safeguard the future of these incredible birds in the Amazon Peru
The two smaller in the Amazon Peru Macaw species both have mainly green plumage with blue wings. The Chestnut Flouted Macaw is distingue from the Red Bellied Macaw by having white facial skin and a reddish color on the underside of its wings and tail. The Red bellied macaw has yellow facial skin and a yellowy color under the wings and tail the red bellied macaw and chest nut are usually seen flying in the large flocks (up to twenty individuals ) in the Amazon Peru
AMAZON PERU HISTORY: Throughout in the Amazon Peru history, extravagant wealth and sordid misery are dominant themes. Fortunes were found and lost; kingdoms were defeated; peoples were enslaved and freed. Deadly diseases, fearsome creatures, hostile Indians and rapacious settlers, all within the forest’s immensity, set the stage for a fascinating and often turbulent history. Added to this, the overwhelming power of legends attracted conquistadors from halfway across the world in search of the gilded man of El Dorado, while explorers throughout the centuries have searched in vain for the women tribes of the Amazon Peru and numerous lost cities:
ORIGINS OF THE AMAZON PERU: Today the Amazon yields few of its past secrets. Unfortunately the heat, together with the damp and acid soils of the rainforest, conspire to decompose organic remains quickly before they can fossilize. Human fossils are virtually absent from the lowland regions, so we have practically no certain clues as to how and when people arrived in the area. Likewise, without animal fossils it is difficult to reconstruct ancient faunas and so we are denied the human picture in its ecological context.
Aboriginal peoples of the Americas are believed to have arrived on the continent around 15 -20,000 years ago, between the two most recent ice ages. Migrating east and southwards, the hunter-gatherers made their way across the isthmus of Central America down to South America. This wave of migration gave rise to the Olmec, Maya and A2tec civilizations of Central America which flourished from 1400BC until the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors in the early 1500s. In the eastern coastal regions and highlands of South America the Chimu and Inca, along with many other cultures, left ample architectural and cultural artefacts for us to ponder. In the last twenty years, chance discoveries and finds of stone tools and ceramics have suggested that large populations were established on the flood plains near the current city of Manaus by 3000BC. Some authorities believe humans have been in the Amazon much longer than formerly thought. David Childress, recounting The Chronicle of Akaka, describes advanced civilizations and lost cities in the Amazon dating back over 12,000 years ago.