Manu Petroglyphs Pusharo: Manu National Park (PNM) was created by the Peruvian State on May 29, 1973, by Supreme Decree with an approximate area of 1,532,806 hectares. This protected area (PA) was created in order to preserve the rich and diverse natural and cultural heritage, to preserve a representative sample of the resources of flora and fauna and landscapes of forest, lowland forest, yceja Jungle the high Andes. Its altitudinal gradient allows you to involve different areas of life, with great biological diversity and ccultural; latter represented by indigenous peoples that have inhabited since time immemorial.
In the PNM and its hinterland are 30 rural communities that maintain Quechua as their mother tongue; and several Amazonian native populations: Machiguenga, Kugapakoris, Huachipaires, Piros and some of no or very little contact as Arawak and Yaminaguas. Part of the cultural past of these groups is maintained by Pusharo petroglyphs in the region Palotoa river and the ruins of Mameria. The approximate population of the reserve are 13,000 people.
On the biological and cultural richness, the PNM in 1977 along with other contiguous areas, was declared by the Programme on Man and the Biosphere Programme of UNESCO, Manu Biosphere Reserve (MBR), with an area of 1,881,200 ha. The MBR is the largest biosphere reserves in the Amazon. Later, in 1987, it joined the UNESCO list PNM Natural Heritage.
Manu Petroglyphs Pusharo: Vernacular names have other limitations as well. Most of them are understood only within a circumscribed geographical area, so that many of the “Spanish” names prevalent in Madre de Dios are unintelligible to residents of Loreto in the northern Peruvian Amazon where other names are applied to the same plants. Vernacular names also lack specificity in manu. For example, the word “shimbillo” is used over much of Peru for species in the legume genus, Inga. But how helpful is it to know that a certain tree is an Inga when more than 100 species of this genus occur within Peru? Some are large canopy trees, whereas others are shrubs barely as tall as a person in jungle trips. Some grow in disturbed sites, others in mature forest. Some have pale wood, others have dark wood, and so forth. In such cases, vernacular names can only lead to confusion, as is true when the same name is used for different plants in different regions, another common circumstance.
An unfortunate upshot of these manifold sources of confusion arising from the willy-nilly naming of plants is that a detailed knowledge of the incomparable richness of the Amazonian flora is inaccessible to anyone but a dedicated specialist in jungle trips. The enormous potential utility of the botanical resources of the Amazonian forest is therefore unappreciated and hence grossly undervalued. With rapidly increasing awareness and availability of knowledge, one can hope that the Amazonian forest will some day be viewed as an asset rather than a hindrance to human progress in manu petroglyphs pusharo.
For flora and fauna, the Manu is pretty much unbeatable in South America, home to 20,000 vascular plant types (one five-square- kilometer area was found to contain 1147 species of vascular plants, almost as many as in the whole of Great Britain), with over 5000 flowering plants, 1200 species of butterfly, 1000 types of bird, 200 kinds of mammal and an unknown quantity of reptiles and insects. Rich in macaw salt-licks, otter lagoons and prowling jaguars, there are thirteen species of monkey and seven species of macaw in Manu, and it still contains other species in serious danger of extinction, such as the giant otter and the black caiman (Melanosuchus niger).
Tours Manu Petroglyphs Pusharo in manu national park programms:
The search located 34 specimens in three collections: 12 in the Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History (USNM), 21 in the University of Kansas, Natural History Museum (KU) and one in the Museo de Historia Natural Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (MUSM). All specimens in the USNM are from the Departamento de Madre de Dios, Peru, and two of these are paratypes (Duellman et al., 1988). However, three additional localities not mentioned by Duellman et al. (1988) were found (Fig. 4): Tambopata Reserve, Explorer’s Inn, ca.30 km (airline) SSW of Puerto Maldonado; Pakitza, Manu National Park, ca. 57 km (airline) NW of mouth of Rio Manu, on Río Manu; and Rio Manu, ca. 80 km (airline) NW of mouth of Rio Manu, Manu National Park. Twenty specimens in the KU collection are from the type-locality (the holotype, nine paratypes and 10 additional specimens), and one important additional record (KU 220331) from Quebrada Grande, junction of the Rio Sucusari and Rio Napo, Departamento de Loreto, Peru.
There are very few places in the world that still shelter extraordinary natural riches. Tambopata tours in the Peruvian Amazon is one of them with the manu national park and sandoval lake reserve. The Tambopata National Reserve – adjacent to Sandoval Lake Reserva Amazónica – is one of the last easily accessible virgin tropical rainforests in the world. offers a wealth of biodiversity, as well as magnificent natural landscapes. Puerto Maldonado, known as the “Capital of Biodiversity,” is the largest city of the Tambopata trips region. Overlooking the confluence of the Tambopata and Madre de Dios Rivers, Puerto Maldonado is 400 meters (1,312 feet) above sea level, 650 km (404 miles) from Cusco, and 15 km (9 miles) upriver from the Manu Jungle trips. Considered by Conservation International to be a Global Mega Diversity Hot Spot, the Madre de Dios region has remained intact due to limited road access, and the protection offered by several major National Parks, including Manu, Candamo, Tambopata candamo, Amarakaeri, and Bahuaja Sonene Reserves, with more than 3.6 million protected hectares (9 million acres) in jungle trips.
A rainforest, or a wet forest, is an expansive territory with high annual rainfall, very dense plant growth, and a relatively warm temperature. Two – thirds of the world’s plant and animal species make their home in these magic jungle regions, and hundreds of millions more are believed to be still undiscovered. Tropical rainforests have been called the “jewels of the Earth” and the “Earth’s lungs;” they are Manu National Park and amazon expedition essential to recycling carbon dioxide into oxygen. The rainforest has also been called the “world’s largest pharmacy,” because of the many natural medicines discovered there in the tambopata reserve, sandoval lake reserve.
Wildlife in the Tambopata Reserve is remarkable. Giant colorful parrots, toucans, and macaws share the forest with tamarins, and the gorgeous Southern American tapir (Tapirus terrestris) . Our region is home to thousands of butterfly species and a large variety of monkeys, as well as four feline species, the endangered river otter, and much, much more. Numerous world records for biodiversity have been broken here, and new species are constantly being discovered. The Tambopata Reserve holds the world record for butterfly species registered – 1234 species; and world record in number of bird species spotted in a single day in manu national park and tambopata and sandoval lake.