South America is home to the world’s largest tropical forest: the Peruvian Amazon. This forest scene , with an area of more than five million square kilometers, is the treasure house of life on Earth. In this vast universe of shapes and colors of unparalleled beauty lives the greatest diversity of flora and fauna of the planet, which is only recorded and cataloged a small fraction . It is this region which has given the Peru category diverse country and it is also here that you have reached incredible biodiversity records , thanks to the strong vertical stratification of the forest.
The Amazon is also a gigantic factory of biochemical substances that are derived medicines for the treatment of many diseases and whose knowledge is part of the ancient wisdom of the indigenous ethnic groups that still inhabit .
Amazonia Peruana Extreme ‘re going with simple language and spectacular images to anyone who wants to see beyond the conventional. It has the vision of Heinz Plenge , one of our most talented photographers and committed conservationist . We intend to arouse the enthusiasm of those seeking a unique experience in this delicate paradise , beautiful in the extreme, and keep the hope that all those who feel the urge to take these feelings live and direct, with only his own joy return and help us spread the respect for nature .
Amazon Travel. The word arouses associations endless : terra incognita , a refuge for species of animals and plants still unknown , home of the latest and authentic native peoples of the planet , the largest rainforest on earth. The Amazon is also green , wet and burning maze in which they live poisonous snakes, hungry piranhas , alligators insatiable , Jaguars ready to armed assault and one insect whose bite spreads the most dangerous diseases .
Last but not least, the Amazon is a huge area of investment , besides being too complex , expensive area suitable for grazing. for agriculture , breeding ground of organic fuel power plants , a rich treasure in timber, oil and gas, which we must preserve .
However, Amazon is habitat first place . It is one of the centers where there is an enormous biodiversity. There concentrates genes , species and ecosystems are . In less than four percent of the land area is more than twenty five percent of all species .
Twenty percent of the planet’s fresh water flowing through the Amazon River Mother of God and half the rainfall originates spontaneously through evaporation which takes place immediately and directly in the jungle.
With over six thousand miles long , amazon is also the most voluminous river in the world : their influence over a thousand tributaries , all in different ways , the character of Amazonian aquatic and terrestrial landscape . Ten of these tributaries are among the twenty largest rivers of the earth. Lives in the Amazonian waters estimated two thousand species of fish , which is more than all the fish species of all rivers in the world combined . The Amazon is the central repository for the library of life.
Millions of animal and plant species previously unknown play a role in this complex ecosystem living there also the last native peoples of the earth , they do not know what the metal and have no contact with civilization . This is such ethnic diversity , which in some cases not even belong to what is known linguistic group .
Hidden under the roof forming the tops of the trees in remote areas , these people live in the middle of the cycles of nature , forming part of the whole . In no other continent in the world , in any other corner of the earth there , as here, human beings who have ever had any contact with civilization . Possibly, and very soon , this also forms part of the past forever .
The rate of deforestation , more than twenty-four thousand square kilometers a year, is the highest in the world. In a world where the need for protein and energy grows steadily, this region is the main and most important source of production of cattle and soybeans.
Road construction , logging , mining and natural resources are the precursors of the extermination of the jungle and also provide a crucial way to this nefarious process. The gold and oil extraction has ceased almost irreparable remains poisoned and entire regions. The phenomenon of ” empty forests ” , as it is called in the regions that have been hunted so much that the species themselves do not return , it begins to spread across the Peruvian Amazon.
In the complex structure of the Amazon rainforest , in which all elements are important and each of its functions is extremely important , all these intrusions have caused nothing more than an erosion of rainforest species .
Our only chance is in reserve areas . These habitats must ensure that cover large enough areas , ensuring a natural water regime and give enough space to evolution.
For the Amazon, “large” means most of the time “too large” . It is only when whole river systems and associated watershed it is protected in a sanctuary, where forests play their climate function as self evaporation Jungle ensures sufficient rainfall within its natural scheme , we can be sure that ecosystems and abundance of species will be preserved .
In the case of the Amazon, this means that you need to reserve areas whose extensions exceed one million hectares , so that they are able to contain all the geographical, geological and climatic zones that correspond to them . From the eastern slopes of the Andes to the humid southern savannas from the swamps of Venezuela to the river jungles of Brazil .
What is also important is that these territories are interconnected. Only then the animals may migrate from area to area and plants can adapt to diverse and changing ambient conditions .
We also need to have intelligent harvesting techniques and soil exploitation of land for sustainable and lasting throughout the region. That’s the only way we can bequeath to future generations a treasure largely complete , which already looted ovens alarmingly.