The Amazon River – Manu Jungle Trips: is the largest river in the world, with the highest water volume, as well as the deepest. Its origins are in Peru, in the region of Arequipa, province of Cailloma, on the snow-capped Mismi mountain, in the Carhuasanta ravine (river of the same name) at 5,597 m.a.s.l. (15°30’49”S and 71°40’36” W)
This young river, essentially Andean, later develops into the Apurimac River, which then forms the Ene River as it meets the River Mantaro. The Ene River then intersects with the Perene and the Tambo Rivers, and when it meets the Urubamba forms the Ucayali, finally joining the Maranon to be called the Amazon River – Manu Jungle Trips.
The Amazon River has a total length of 6,762 km, but only 3,713 km of this total is found in Peru. The delta that forms at the river’s mouth as it flows into the Atlantic Ocean is 324 km wide and its plume goes almost 100 km out into the Ocean, draining 220,000 m3/s.
The Amazon River Basin in Peru includes the basins of the Rivers Ucayali-Apurimac (its origin), the Maranon Basin, the Madre de Dios River basin (on the Brazil- Bolivia border) and the basin of the River Putumayo (on the Colombian border).
The Amazon River and its tributaries, with more than 50,000 km over its trajectory, form the most extensive network of navigable rivers on the planet.
Its waters feed off the rain drainage that bathes its basins and the melt-water from the thawing of the eastern and central snow-capped mountain slopes of the Andes. They also feed off water from North of the equatorial line, that forms part of its drainage area.
The narrower river-bed of the Amazon (during the dry season) has a width that varies between 2 and 5 km and a depth that fluctuates between 10 and 30 meters. The wider river-bed (in rainy season) is characterized by extensive flooding of various kilometers of the land bordering the river, leaving only small elevations of higher land above water. Due to the denseness of the vegetation however, these flooded areas are not visible.
The Amazon, like the other rivers in the rainforest, has sand and mud at the bottom of its river-bed. This base moves from the shores to the centre forming small islands where trunks and branches that are swept down the river at great speeds accumulate.
These rivers are among the most important Peruvian tributaries of the Amazon Rainforest Adventure:
Napo: the largest of the tributaries originatingIn Ecuadorian territory, southeast of Quito. It becomes Peruvian when it intersects with the Yasuni River. Further on. the waters of the Aguarico River flow into it (at one point forming the Peru-Ecuador border). The Napo River is navigable along its Peruvian trajectory (Orellana, discoverer of the Amazon navigated along this river) and its width ranges between 1.5 and 3 km. Putumayo: this river finctions as a boundary between Peru and Colombia, flowing into the Amazon in Brazil. It originates in the Colombian Andes (Nonhem Hem’Ocere – and its length in Peru is 1.380 km. while us width varies between 200 and 800 metres in amazon rainforest adventure.
Itaya: originating in Sana (region of Loreto this river travels almost parallel to the Amazon for a stretch of its trajectory and flows into it south of the city of Iquitos its length is 150 km.
Nanay: this river is 3T0 km long and flow s into the Amazon north of Iquitos and jungle trips.
Yavari- Yaquerana: denoting part of the border between Peru and Brazil, this river extends for 1,200 km.
Yurua: it originates in Peru and courses into Brazil to join up with the Amazon adventure.
Purus: also originating in Penn. ir territory. it flows into the Amazon after it enters Brazilian territory Peruvian segment of this amazon rainforest