Amazon Expedition – Flora Fauna

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Amazon Expedition – Flora Fauna

 The Amazon basin is characterized by the largest expanse of tropical rainforest and one of the main sources of biodiversity. The region is home to countless species of insects, plants and animals interacting in a coordinated and balanced manner.

Biodiversity  Amazon  Manu .

The effect of the tides of the Atlantic at the mouth of the Amazon is at its highest level with the phenomenon called Pororoca. “Pororóká” in Tupi Guarani language, means – loud bang –

This term is used to describe the penetration of Atlantic waters in the channel of the Amazon River during the time of high tide or flow.

The Pororoca is more intense when the river flow are less, so the Atlantic ocean waters can penetrate more easily and with greater speed and length in the channels of the delta of the river, which gives rise to a flood that filled with salt water many coastal areas.

The Amazonian freshwater causes the seawater forming waves break over them, which translates into strong opposition from both opposition that is causing the noise and the name of the phenomenon.

For this phenomenon to occur, they have to attend several factors: the phases of moon or new moon, which give way to the rise of the strongest tides, ocean currents and the opposition over the River Ocean.

Amazon Manu rainforest.

The Amazon basin is regarded as having the greatest plant diversity on the planet. It described some 30,000 different species, representing one third of all species of South America.

Most plant species that inhabit the floodplains are unique and are limited to this system.

Also, few lowland species also exist in the highlands, which contributes to increasing the diversity of the Amazon flora in jungle trips.

Factors that influence the distribution of these plants and the composition of their communities deal with the geology and characteristics of rivers that bathe. The floodplains of the rivers of “white water”,

for example, differ markedly from those of “black water” in both species composition and the size of them.

The first generating higher forests, perhaps because of the greater amount of nutrients carried by rivers, compared to rivers in nutrient poor “black water”.

Existing floodplain species are specially adapted to survive long periods underwater. This partly explains the marked differences in these plants with relatives of the regions high. No one knows for sure the total number of plant species in the Amazon floodplain.

One approach, nothing exaggerated, leads us to estimate that there are at least 5,000 plant species or riparian floodplain, with the actual figure certainly superior with manu jungle trips.

Found in the Amazon rainforest species of larger trees in the world, as the “Lupuna” that can reach over 50 feet high. We also find a variety of trees whose wood is so durable and luxurious, they have earned the top spot

acceptance in national and international local timber industry, causing overexploitation and not just putting them in danger, but also the ecosystems that house

. Mahogany, cedar and screw, are some of them. Special mention should be made of trees and medicinal plants, traditionally used by Amazonian peoples to fight the evils facing them.

The variety and species richness are endless, but here mention the Chuchuhuasi, Sangre de Drago, Copaiba, ABUTA Ayahuma and nutrients, either on land or in water, (Chorisia integrifolia) (Swietenia macrophylla)

(Cedrela odorata) (Cedrelinga catenaeformis) (Maytenus macrocarpa) (Croton lechleri​​) amasisa (Erythrina fusca) (Copaifera paupera) (Couroupita guianensis) (ABUTA grandifolia).

Unlike trees, most aquatic weeds require high levels to survive. Many float freely on the surface and, in the case of certain aquatic plants are able to detach from the substrate when the depth of water increases significantly (avoiding choking).

The buoyancy, of course, is the adaptation that allows these plants to handle changing water levels, and to achieve considerable success in its natural dispersion. One of the plant communities with greater expansion in recent years has been the herbaceous.

This is due in part to the increasing deforestation of the banks. When the forest is cut, the light varies, allowing this type of plant colonization of new areas.

Amazonia  Trip Peru .

The largest animal group in the Amazon is the bird. The Amazon basin is the hostel over 1300 species of birds, making the great valley of the Amazon the richest region of the Earth in this animal group.

Only in Peru have been reported to Amazon level a total of 806 species of birds. At least a third of these species live or visit seasonally floodplains. The need to migrate from North America and the southern tip of South

America, as well as seasonal migrants who spend the year between the flooded forest and offshore areas.

 

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