Peru is a country with a population of almost 31 million people. The Amazon accounts for 60% of
the national territory but is home to only 9.41% of the population. It is Peru’s most ethnically and
linguistically diverse t
There are five regions located in the Peruvian Amazon, (also called the Peruvian jungle):
Amazonas, Loreto, Madre de Dios, San Martin and Ucayali.
While the Peruvian Amazon is rich in natural resources, this wealth has not translated into the
being of its inhabitants. Activities such as the extraction of rubber, petrol and gold have
exposed the Amazonian population to exploitation, migration and diseases of the western world.
Accessing this area by land is difficult, if not impossible. Prov
iding basic health services,
education, protection and water and sanitation are among some of the major challenges faced by
the Peruvian State.
The exclusion of Amazonian communities is reflected in the situation of children and adolescents.
For example, c
hronic malnutrition affects 4 out of every 100 children under five years of age in
Lima (Peru’s capital) compared to 29 out of every 100 in the rural regions of the Amazon.
The inequities between children living on the coast, in the highlands and jungle ar
e surprising, but
are even greater when the comparison is made between the urban coast and the rural jungle.
eight per cent of indigenous children and adolescents in the Peruvian Amazon live in
poverty. Three of the five Amazonian regions have the
highest rates of multidimensional child
poverty: Loreto (80%), Ucayali (77%) and Amazonas (76%). UNICEF works in these three
Child Survival and Development, Education, Protection, Public Policy and Prevention and Risk
Management are the main areas
of UNICEF’s work for children and adolescents in the Peruvian