Wild Nature Biosphere Reserve – Manu National Park
The Manu Biosphere Reserve, internationally recognized in 1977 as a Biosphere Reserve under UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Programme, is composed of three main parts: Manu National Park, the Reserve Zone, and the Cultural Zone. Separate from the Manu BioSphere Amazon Peru , yet areas now important to conservation and indigenous Indian sustainable development projects, are the private nature reserves located east of the Manu BioSphere (Amazon peru) along the Made de Dios River. These areas are referenced as the Manu Wilderness. Biosphere Reserve Information Major ecosystem type: Mixed mountain and highland systems / Tropical humid forests. Major habitats & land cover types: Cloud forest; alpine grasslands of the .Andes; rainforest; humid forest; humid sub-tropical forest; very humid sub-tropical forest characterized by mahogany (Swietenia sp. and Cedrela sp.) and the palm Phytelephas macrocarpa; very humid low mountain forest; lakes and rivers; agroecosystems.
Location: 11°17′ to 13°11’S; 71°10′ to 72°22’W Area (hectares): total 1,841,806.
Core area(s) 1,532,806
Buffer zone(s) 52,000
Transition area(s) 257,000
Altitude (metres above sea level): +240 to +4,000
Manu National Park .The 3.7 million-acre Manu National Park was formed in 1973 and was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1987. Tourist lodges are not allowed in the park itself. In 1980 a relatively small area to the east of the park was designated as a Tourist Reserve Zone, reserved for tourist and commercial activities.
GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION The park is located in the provinces of Manu and Paucartambo (Departments of Madre de Dios and Cuzco respectively), comprising lands on the eastern slopes of the Andes and on the Peruvian Amazones. The limits to the north are the watershed separating the catchment basins of Manu and de las Piedras rivers (72° 01’W, 11° 17’S); to the south the area where the road from Paucartambo to the north-west turns to Tres Cruces (71° 30’W, 13° 11’S); to the east the region on the left margin of the Alto Madre de Dios River to the Pilcopata River, Department of Cuzco (71° 10’W, 12° 18’S); and to the west the watershed separating the catchment basins of the Manu and Camisea Rivers – also the limit between the Departments of Cuzco and Madre de Dios (72° 22’W, 11°
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